Masters Dissertations

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    The preservation of electronic records at university a case of university of Dar es Salaam
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2010) Ahadi, Joyce
    The Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar is perceived as one of the most successful Unions in Africa. With over 46 years of existence, the Union has been facing many challenges that seriously affect its sustainability. The Union has survived four decades of mistrust and suspicions. Yet, many studies conducted on the field of the Union, have found that very little is known about the factors behind the survival of Union. Despite the on going challenges facing the union, it has managed to survive for four decades, making it one of the longest sustained Union in Africa. The focus of this study therefore is to answer the puzzle why has the Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar survived for more than forty years amidst challenges that threaten its survival? This study uses interviews and documentary reviews to investigate the factors behind the sustainability of the Union. The findings from this study have revealed that there are two main factors that contribute to the sustainability of the Union. These factors are the legal regime of the Union, and interests of political leadership in power. The findings have shown that citizens at large have a minimal role in the sustainability of the Union between Tanganyika and Zanzibar. The study makes a key conclusion that, the leaders' interests are central to the sustainability of the Union. It is the leaders who have instituted the legal regime that protect their interests in the Union. Based on the findings, the study recommends that in order to enhance the future sustainability of the union, citizens should have a role to play. As findings demonstrated, the union based on leaders' interests creates problems which affect the smooth running of the union. The study equally recommends further study on the role of citizens in relation to the sustainability of the Union.
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    Information sources and needs of Tanzania Assemblies of God Church Leaders in Dar es Salaam.
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2002) Fanuel, Jennifer
    This dissertation studied the kind of information sources that are used by Church Leaders of Tanzania Assemblies of God Church in Dar es Salaam. The study was based on the popular information model by Hayden which illustrates the relationships between the concept of user needs and behaviour. This model is a combination of Wilson (1981) Figure of Interrelationships among areas in the field of user studies and Krikelas (1983) Model of Information seeking behaviour. This study asked the kind of information sources that church leaders need and whether these sources are effective and the problems that face in using the sources. Furthermore, the study investigated the kind of information that church leaders need. The study employed a method of data collection where data was collected through sample surveys using questionnaires that were distributed to 40 respondents. The questionnaires were self-administered and included both closed and open questions (see appendix). 30 questionnaires (75%) out of 40 were returned. The study found out that there are limited information sources specifically designed for church leaders and this affects even their information seeking behaviour. Findings show that church leaders use one or a combination of the following sources: Personal libraries and other ministers.
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    Access to and usage of mobitel and vodacom mobile telephones for information communication in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania.
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2002) Kaddu-Birungi, Sarah
    The study investigated the access to, and usage of Mobitel and Vodacom mobile telephones for information communication in Dar es salaam, Tanzania. The two were selected because of the services that they offer to their users. Mobitel provides both analog and digital services whereas Vodacom provides Digital services. Secondly, because of the increasing competition, globalization and the drive for market share among the companies. A purposive sampling technique was used. Both primary and secondary data was used. The sample was 70, that is 35 from each, 20 for the service providers therefore, 10 each. Questionnaires, Interviews, published and un published works were used in data collection. Only data that was relevant to the study was summarized. The study revealed that information communication through mobile telephones is important for business communication, convenience, safety and micro coordination. Recommendations included making the services affordable to all, adequate telecommunication network to ensure accessibility to all in all parts of the country, and technical support. To a large extent, most of today's communication and information services are centralized. They require some basic underlying infrastructure without which the service cannot exist.
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    Examination of the use of information technology applications for online searching: the case of the University of Dar es Salaam Library
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2000) Augustino, Daniel Mhando
    The use of Information and Communication Technology (ICT) is now wide spread in various sectors, including libraries and information centres. At the University of Dar es Salaam library in Tanzania ICT facilitates the availability of information to Library users. The adoption, use and application of ICT at the University of Dar es Salaam library was intended to enable users to have access to online and electronic reference materials for their academic endeavours. Application of ICT facilities at the University library is still in its infant stages, though the number of users has been increasing steadly. This study looked at how ICT allows students to have access to a variety of reference materials other than books. However, findings of this study show that most users do not take full advantage of the available facilities to retrieve online information, instead they use ICT for communication purposes especially corresponding using the Internet. The failure by the students to utilize ICT effectively for information retrieval could be attributed to lack of information searching and retrieval skills. Therefore there is a need to introduce bibliographic instruction programmes to allow students to take full advantage of ICT facilities at the University library to solve the problem of shortage of reference books and current literature.
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    An assessment of academics` information needs and the effectiveness of African university library services: a case study of the University of Dar es Salaam library with comparative notes on selected libraries in East and Southern African universities.
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 1999) Butz, Cornelie
    African universities have had to operate in an economically harsh climate over the Last decade. Government funds have dwindled due to decreasing expenditure on social services, especial in the education sector. University Libraries which try to cope with the ever increasing amount and diversity of information have been hit hard by these financial constraints, unable to replace outdated textbooks and to purchase current journals and important research materials. This study examined services of the UDSM Library for the university community, on the one hand, and academics' information needs for their teaching, research and consultancy activities, on the other hand. UDSM Library is presently undergoing an extensive transformation process - as is the University itself - to adjusting to the new economic realities and developing new services for its customers. The study could only briefly describe this on-going-development. Interviewees included UDSM academics from the Humanities and Science Faculties, postgraduates and academic librarians, as well as University administrators. For comparative reasons four other university libraries in the region were visited. Methods used for data collection were documentary review, questionnaires, interviews and observation. The research revealed that UDSM Library was still the major source of information for academics and postgraduates. However, library usage among academics was generally low. Their frequently pursued information seeking strategies were not mainly book-oriented, but more of an oral nature and their personal book collections grew only at a very modest rate. The prime interests of UDSM academies were research information needs, followed by current awareness and consultancy information needs. Academics and postgraduates used mainly two sectors of the UDSM Library collection, Periodicals and East Africana. The CD-ROM sector enjoyed a modest popularity among academics. Both the Periodicals and the CD-ROM sector rely heavily on donor money for funding. Apart from the Main Library, academic regularly used departmental libraries which they believed to be more specialised and more relevant. A majority of academics profited from link arrangements with foreign universities regarding their information needs. However, the major reason -for limited academic support for the Library as related to poor Library funding. Dissatisfaction with library services culminated in complaints about the lack of new and current books, inadequate funds and space constrains within the Library building. Regarding its mission, the Library defined its role as similar to that of an academic department, claiming to also have a threefold mission of teaching, research and consultancies. Therefore, one of a University Library's most important tasks-to provide relevant services to users-has became only one library objective among others. This study placed UDSM Library fourth place out of five in a ranking involving other regional University Libraries. The differences, however, between the Zambian (99 points), the Tanzanian (101 points), the Kenyan (102 points) and the Ungandan (105 points) Libraries were very small. Botswana with 126 points was the exception, showing that economic differences were the most critical factor in determining library performance. The study indicated that the UDSM Library services do not meet the information needs of academics and postgraduates.
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    The state of records management in the national social security fund headquarters, Dar es Salaam
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2001) Ndibalema, Theresia Kokuhirwa
    The study investigated the state of records management in the National Social Security Fund (NSSF) headquarters, Dar-es-salaam. It also identified the bottlenecks encountered in the NSSF records management and provided recommendations on how those problems could be solved. The findings of the study revealed that the state of the records management at NSSF does not support the records life cycle theory as propounded by several authors. Efficient records management is affected by lack of Records Management Programme/ directive or policies, lack of training and lack of support from the top management of the NSSF. Others are lack of awareness of records management by the decision-makers and lack of comprehensive scheme of service and inadequate equipment, tools and facilities relevant to records management. Recommended solutions include; the establishment of a comprehensive records management policy aimed at an integrated approach to the management of whole life cycle theory of records, the provision of enough storage area, trained personnel, equipment, good classification and indexing systems. Others include the establishment of repositories for managing the records, and finally determining methods of evaluation of all phases of the records management program.
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    The role of mass media in the fight against HIV/AIDS in Tanzania
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2001) Nyoni, Agnes Ngole
    The main purpose of this study was to investigate the extent to which media plays a major role in the fight against AIDS. Specifically, the study investigated the type of health information programs provided by the media and the extent to which the media provide information about the sources of HIV/AIDS support and counseling. The objectives of the study were to examine the role of the media, to identify barriers that hinder the media to access and disseminate HIV/AIDS information and to determine how the media can be more effective in the fight against HIV/AIDS. A descriptive survey method was employed in data collection. There were four population categories namely media institutions, journalists, and editors and media customers. Research instruments such as questionnaires, interview and observation were used to collect data from the field. Thereafter data were interpreted by using cross tabulation. The findings revealed that most health information programs provided by the media were on water borne STDs and HIV/AIDS diseases. The findings also revealed that the media often provide information about sources of support and counseling. In addition the major roles played by the media are education and information provision. While obstacles to effective accessing and dissemination of HIV/AIDS information include; government bureaucracy, reluctance of some people to provide information, cultural taboos, and government control. The study concludes that the mass media can play a very important role in the fight against HIV/AIDS if journalists are trained in strategies to disseminate HIV/AIDS in the African environment and report HIV/AIDS information in a professional manner. It recommends the removal of barriers to effective dissemination of information that include; government control, cultural taboo, bureaucracy in government circles and reluctance of some people to discuss HIV/AIDS issues.
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    Accessibility of information to small scale industries (SSI) in Tanzania: a case study of selected SSI in Dar es Salaam
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2001) Mwansasu, Mpale Yvonne
    This study was conducted at six SSI and four information centres in Dar es salaam. The objective was to examine the accessibility of information to SSI workers in order to identify barriers to the accessibility and utilisation of information to the SSI sector in Tanzania. Four aspects were examined: The status of SSI workers, their information needs and awareness to its availability and usefulness, information-seeking strategies used, and the barriers to information accessibility and suggested ways out. The major findings indicated that the SST sector was not doing well. Various problems related to marketing, financial constraints, high production costs, lack of technology and unavailability of information were said to slow down the development of SSI. The findings further indicated that SSI workers were more conversant in Kiswahili than English and/or any other foreign languages. They were also found to be mostly of low social economic status with some of them working for long hours. Those factors were additionally indicated to be the barriers affecting their accessibility to information. In addition, the study indicated that SSI workers mostly need information on business and managerial skills, business practices, credit and financial opportunities, marketing, science and technology, news, religion, policies and guidelines of SSI in Tanzania. Other findings were that, most of SSI workers do not visit Libraries and other centres to access information; instead, they rely on printed and electronic media. Use of oral, informal conversation, training and slight reading of books were also reported to be common. SSI workers made specific recommendations on removing barriers to information accessibility as follows: The media should be widely used to disseminate information, information units be established at various SSI, frequent training and seminars be given to SSI workers and that information providers should offer translation services.
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    The acceptability of HIV/AIDS preventive information among youths in Dar-es-salaam city: the case study of Kinondoni Municipal
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2012) Hamisi, Sefu
    The broad objective of this study was to investigate the acceptance of HIV/AIDS preventive information among the youths in Dar-es-salaam City. Methodologically, this study used a qualitative approach. Data for this study were collected using a combination of techniques, namely questionnaires with open and close ended questions, face to face interviews and focus-group discussions. Sixty respondents participated in this study from Kinondoni Municipal to represent the population of Dar-es-salaam City. These were drawn from Kinondoni Muslim Secondary school, Biafra Secondary School and the Family Health International (FHI) at Kinondoni Municipal in Dar-es-salaam City. Key findings revealed that most youths in Dar-es-salaam City have a narrow knowledge base on HIV/AIDS preventive information.Tradidional and cultural believes are among the barriers in accepting the HIV/AIDS preventive information among the youths. Findings revealed that most youths/respondents preferred seminars and conferences to receive HIV/AIDS preventive information which is the lowest method used to fight the epidemic in the City. Based on the findings, it is recommended that all youths should be equipped with knowledge/education on HIV/AIDS so that they can accept the HIV/AIDS preventive information in order to fight the epidemic. To facilitate this, relevant stakeholders in HIV/AIDS prevention initiatives should work closely to fight the wide spread of HIV infection among the youths.
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    Linkage between information generation and dissemination to users via electronic media: a case study of how users in Sikonge district get forestry information.
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2002) Shija, Hubert
    In spite of much research and many strategies and plans to curb deforestation, the rate of forest loss in Tanzania continues to increase. A theoretical and conceptual framework devised to test the ideal link that should exist between the generators of forestry information and the users, via the media. This study was conducted in Dar es Salaam and Sikonge District, Tabora Region, to test the framework and the assumptions. The sample included thirty users - twenty-eight domestic and two commercial. The selected media institutions were two radio and two television stations. Again the selected generators constituted a mix of international and national organisations. According to the framework guidelines and the selected sample, the findings showed that there was some linkage in the existing communication systems between generators and users via television and radio. However, it was generally uneven. Linkages between some generators and the media were also mixed. For example, Radio Tanzania, Dar es Salaam (RTD) and Ministry of Natural Resources and Tourism had a strong link. Radio Tumaini had weak links with generators. However, all users had access to the radio, the link with the media was not strong because the number of programmes transmitted per year were too few to have any impact. To strengthen the existing system of communication between generators and media there is a need for increasing the frequency with which forestry information is given to the media who, in turn, should then increase the number of programmes to users by using innovative ways to entice users to pay attention to them as suggested. Finally, since radio is a potential communication media, RTD and other radio stations also need to improve transmission to rural areas so that the reception is always clear and the timing appropriate for rural women and men.
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    Information seeking in electronic environment: an investigation of forestry researchers in Tanzania.
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2003) Said, Alfred Sife
    This study examined the way Tanzanian forestry researchers seek and disseminate research information in the growing global electronic environment. The survey method was used for data collection, using self-administered questionnaire. Interviews and observations methods supplemented the survey method. Three forestry research institutions were surveyed, fifty-three respondents were given questionnaire to fill in and three officers were interviewed. Findings of the study showed a wide range of information needs among forestry researchers in the studied institutions. Researchers depended mainly on their institutional libraries to meet their information needs, but also they used other forestry research institution libraries; some international, governmental and non-governmental organizations. Researchers depended mostly on printed sources but also there was evidence that they were moving towards the use of electronic resources. A good number of forestry researchers were using various types of electronic information resources like CD-ROM databases and Internet services in different capacities. Other important sources of information were consulting professional colleagues and attending professional workshops and seminars. However, the use of electronic information resources in the dissemination of information was still low. The full use of electronic information resources was mainly hindered by such problems as lack of awareness, inadequate funds, low level of training training, insufficient appropriate hardware and software and lack of national ICT policy. Based on the study findings, a number of recommendations were made. These include: improving the situation of forestry research institution libraries, networking all forestry research institution libraries, libraries should have promotional programmes, recruit IT personnel and that there should be a national ICT policy.
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    Personnel records management in the public sector and its impact on the payment of pension: a case study of selected ministries and government agency
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2005) Lyaruu, Titus Michael
    The study aimed at examining the management of personnel records in the public sector and its impact on the payment of pension. A sample of 65 respondents was involved in the study from three ministries and one government agency (that is, Ministry of Agriculture and Food Security, Ministry of Finance, President's office Public Service Management and Public Service Pension Fund). Convenient and purposive sampling was used as sampling techniques. The study used questionnaires, face to face interviews and participant observation as data collection methods. The findings of the study revealed that the state of personnel records management in ministries and departments is still very poor to the extent that there is hardly any accurate and complete information to provide evidence for a transaction. Information used to create records in personnel files and databases is inaccurate and incomplete. Constraints accounting for this include poor and inadequate facilities, poor skills and knowledge in records management among custodians of records, communication breakdown between employers and employees, lack of public awareness of the importance of records, negligence on the part of the administration and meager allocation of funds to Records Management units. The study concluded that lack of comprehensive Records Management Policy underlies the root cause of other problems in records management. The study recommends the following to ensure improvement in records management: formulation of a comprehensive records management policy; training records staff in records management; automate records; a need for a master file for public servants; and rising awareness of all employees on the importance of records. If these recommendations are effectively and concurrently implemented, it can improve management of records in ministries and departments.
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    An investigation into ICT training needs of teachers in selected secondary schools in Tanzania: a case study of Dar es Salaam region
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2008) Silayo, Ephraem Epafra
    This study investigated ICT Training needs of Teachers in Secondary schools in Tanzania.68 randomly and purposively selected respondents participated in this study. They included secondary school teachers, school inspectors and MoEVT officials. The study was conducted in Dar es Salaam. Structured and standardized questionnaires with open and closed -ended questions were used to collect data for this study. Interviews and observations were also conducted to supplement the questionnaire. Key findings of this study revealed that a majority of the teachers were not information literate and as a result could not effectively implement the secondary school computer studies syllabus let alone integrate ICT in teaching and learning due to lack of training opportunities. Based on the key findings, the study recommends that the Ministry of Education and Vocational Studies should embark on capacity building in order to enhance teachers' information and ICT literacy skills. It is further recommended that, MoEVT should allocate adequate resources for strengthening school libraries and development of ICT infrastructure. Similarly, ICT policy guidelines should be created specifically for secondary schools to support implementation and application of ICT in schools. Furthermore, each school should hire at least one ICT Technical support person in order to promote effective use and integration of ICT into teaching and learning
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    An investigation into information needs of primary school teachers: a case study of Geita district
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2008) Msita, Zenaida Alphonce
    Primary school teachers form the educational base of any nation through the teaching and learning process. They provide various educational directives in their schools to enhance good performance. The broad objective of this study was to investigate information needs of primary school teachers through a case study of Geita district. Methodologically, this study was a qualitative study. Data for this study were collected using a combination of techniques namely; face to face interviews, observations and a questionnaire with open and close ended questions. Sixty respondents participated in this study and these were drawn randomly from Geita district council using the district register. Key findings revealed that primary school teachers lack access to current and relevant information and these impacts negatively on the quality of teaching and learning. Information poverty in these schools is attributed to several factors including lack of modern libraries, teacher's resource centres, ICT centres and ICT infrastructure and facilities. Findings also revealed that most of teachers need books (68%) and newspapers (8 %) to find information. A key recommendation of this study is that district councils and MOVT should establish and fund libraries, TRCs and ICT centres to reduce information poverty among teachers.
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    Information needs and information seeking behaviour of education officials in Kinondoni district, Dar es Salaam region, Tanzania
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2016) Vitalis, Onephor
    The study assessed information needs and information seeking behaviour of officials in education. The study employed both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Cluster sampling procedure was used to select the ward education officials in Kinondoni Municipality. Purposive sampling procedure was used to select district education officials from academic, statistics and inspectorate units. Random sampling procedure was used to get school heads. Primary data were collected through questionnaires which contained closed and open - ended questions. Secondary data were collected through library search. The discussion followed the sequential organization of the research questions and the results were presented in various forms such as narration, graphs, charts and tables. Frequencies and percentages were used to show descriptive statistics. The analysis was done was done by using SPSS version 16, MS Word 2007 and MS Excel 2007. Findings from the study indicated that Education Officials access information by consulting their co-workers, by perusing official files and documents, by reading books and seminar as well as conference handouts. Most information was needed for decision making, planning and for updating knowledge. It was also found that Education Officials encounter several barriers including lack of electronic equipments, little computer knowledge, poor networking and associated cost. The study concludes that in order to satisfy information needs and information seeking behaviour of the Education Officials in Kinondoni Municipality and in Tanzania in general the government should do its best to ensure that each ward has an information resource centre with enough ICT equipments. This will create an environment where the right information is accessible in time for decisions making when planning and implementing various education policies as directed by government authorities. The study recommends that the government should ensure that Education Officials are given short computer courses periodically so as to enable them be conversant on how to search, browse and retrieve information from various sources. Again, various obstacles including negative attitude of the heads of departments in government and private sectors, bureaucracy, poor records management and lack of knowledge of librarianship should be minimized. University colleges and embassies which are in the district should market their libraries so that the Education Officials and the whole community can take advantage of their existence to fulfill their thirsty for information.
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    Accessibility and use of agricultural information among small scale maize growers in Tanzania: a case study of Mbeya rural district
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2012) Laurent, Valentine
    The agricultural sector is the backbone of the Tanzanian economy. An improved information and knowledge flow to-, from- and within the agricultural sector are key components in improving small scale agricultural production and the whole national economy. However, the government of Tanzania has not devoted its effort to the dissemination of agricultural information, especially in rural areas, where most of people live. As such, this study set out to find out the Accessibility and Use of Agricultural Information among Small Scale Maize Growers in Tanzania, A Case Study of Mbeya Rural District. The study employed mixed-methods research, in which quantitative and qualitative approaches were carried out simultaneously. The quantitative approach assumed a dominant status. Non Probability sampling was used to draw a sample of 60 small scale farmers and 2 Agricultural Extension Officers. Data were collected through questionnaires, focus group discussions and key informant interviews. Data were analyzed by using SPSS, MS Word 2007 and MS Excel 2007. The study was guided by the Wilson’s Model (1981) of Information Seeking Behaviour but was slightly modified by the researcher to make it suitable for the purpose of the study. The findings of the study indicated that most of small scale maize growers access agricultural information through their relatives, friends, neighbours, fellow farmers and Agricultural Extension Officers. The most needed agricultural information among small scale maize growers was information about the application of pesticides, the application of various types of fertilizer, information on where to purchase fertilizers, seeds, pesticides and herbicides, new farming practices, weather forecasting, and information on how and where to rent land. The study findings also revealed barriers to accessing agricultural information in the study area such as lack of Agricultural Extension Officers, poverty, illiteracy, poor roads and poor electricity infrastructure, being busy with other activities, poor network connection, absence of library and information centres, lack of seminars, training programmes and workshops and lack of printed sources of information. The study concludes that in order to facilitate the accessibility and use of agricultural information among small scale maize growers in rural areas, the government should devote its efforts in the dissemination of agricultural information and management that grow from a clear understanding of what small scale farmers information needs are. The study recommends that the government should ensure that each village has its agricultural extension officers, the improvement of infrastructure in rural areas such as roads and electricity supply, provision of an agricultural information centre or library at each village, that the small scale farmers in rural areas should be encouraged to form groups within the village, information sources should be written in the Kiswahili language, short training programmes, seminars and workshops, and there should be class field (shamba darasa) in each village.
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    Usage of archival records by historians from university of dar es salaam, dar es salaam university college of education and open university of tanzania
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2012) Ernest, Franklin Leonce
    This study assessed the usage of archival records at The National Records and Archives Management Department (NRAMD) in Dar es Salaam. This survey used triangulation to collect data including interviews and observations. 60 purposively selected respondents participated in this study and included senior and junior staff from NRAMD and teaching staff in the Department of History at the University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam, University College of Education and the Open University of Tanzania. Key findings revealed that marketing strategies used by NRAMD are not effective, thus there has been no significant increase of Tanzanian users and the search room environment is not conducive for users. Furthermore, users do not always find archival records even though they use search room staff to locate and retrieve archival records. This was attributed to the lack of highly qualified and dedicated personnel. Findings further revealed that the National Records and Archives Management Policy is not known to most NRAMD staff and users, consequently, issues of access, use and preservation are not well addressed. The situation is made worse by user un-friendly out-dated internal rules and regulations. Moreover, NRAMD operates manually as its services are not automated. Therefore, it is recommended that NRAMD should publicize and implement the National Records and Archives Management Policy and a proactive marketing strategy to ensure maximum use of its holdings and services by Tanzanians. In addition, it is recommended that all the old and outdated finding aids should be reviewed. NRAMD should offer user information literacy to users to ensure effective utilization of its resources and services. Finally, NRAMD should automate its functions in order to improve performance and efficiency.
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    Assessment of the problems of excessive use of internet among undergraduate students: the case of University of Dodoma
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2016) Mwakibinga, Lusajo Harvey
    This study is an assessment of the problems of excessive use of internet among undergraduate students, a case study of the University of Dodoma. The study analysed internet use patterns among the students and student's awareness of excessive internet use. It also examined problems associated with excessive internet use, and made suggestions for addressing challenges resulting from the excessive use of internet. Data for the study were collected through a review of documentary sources, face-to-face interviews with key informants, self-administered questionnaires and observation. Qualitative data were analysed through content analysis while quantitative data was done through the SPSS programme version 16. Findings from the study revealed that there are problems of excessive use of internet among the students of the University of Dodoma, as reported by the students. The identified problems associated with excessive use of the internet include behavioural, educational, interpersonal, psychological, and physical problems. Symptoms reported include escape from other problems and characteristic withdrawal syndrome, tolerance, craving; negative effects, introversion, loss of control, and reduced activities. The researcher concluded that the problems of excessive internet use in the University of Dodoma are somehow severe and they need to be solved before they get worse. The study recommends a clinical approach involving psychologists and mental health professionals since the nature of the problem is behavioural oriented like any other addiction. Campaigns to educate parents, students, teachers, and governments institutions on the problems associated with the excessive use of internet should be initiated.
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    Assessment on the status of continuing education among staff in public libraries in Tanzania; a case study of central library and Morogoro regional library
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2017) Kimaro, Anna Rogate
    This study assessed the status of continuing education among staff in public libraries in Tanzania. Specifically, the study focused on training needs in public libraries by assessing the level of access to continuing education among staff in public libraries and the effectiveness of continuing education practices in public libraries. It also sought to ascertain the challenges hindering the effectiveness of continuing education practices in public libraries in Tanzania. The study involved the Tanzania Central Library and Morogoro Regional Library in Dar es Salaam and Morogoro Region respectively. Data collection was through questionnaires, face to interviews and observation. The findings of the study revealed that training needs revolved around activities that the respondents did on a continual basis, such as cataloguing and classification, data entry, library software skills, communication skills as well as Information and Communication Technology. The majority of staff needed training to improve their performance. However, such opportunities were limited due to various reasons, the major one being insufficient or lack of funds for professional development. The findings also revealed that the skills and knowledge acquired did not always reflect the training needs or the gaps in staff skills and knowledge in relation to their activities although training was positively related to improvement in job performance and provision of services. One of the major explanations for this deficit was a lack of effective guidelines or policies related to staff development and continuing education. The study also revealed various challenges hindering the effectiveness of continuing education at the surveyed libraries, namely lack of funds to support staff development, lack of time to attend training, inadequate staff and mismatch between training and needs. This study recommends increasing of budgetary allocation to support staff development, employment of more staff, seeking more support from donors, and basing training on training needs assessment.
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    Perceived usefulness of electronic Information resources in higher learning institutional libraries: a case selected universities in Mbeya city
    (University of Dar es Salaam, 2016) Ndauka, Claudius
    This study was conducted in 2015 at Mbeya City's higher learning institutions with the general objective of determining user perceptions of the usefulness of electronic information resources available in their respective academic institutions. Specifically, the study aimed at identifying the available electronic resources in these libraries, the purpose for which library users access e-resources, their satisfaction with the available electronic resources in the library, and the constraints they encounter in using electronic resources. The study also sought to recommend strategies to enhance access and use of e-resources in academic libraries. The study was conducted at the university libraries of TEKU, SAUT, MUST and Mzumbe through the use of a mixed methods approach. Questionnaires, interviews and observations were used to collect data from 220 respondents randomly selected among students as the key library users. The study has established that libraries in the study area have various electronic resources such as Google books, and e-databases such as the emerald, JSTOR, and Asabe technical information. It was also found that usage of electronic resources in the universities under review revolved around research, learning and accessing new information. The respondents reported being more satisfied with the emerald database than other e-databases accessible in their respective university libraries. The lack of computers was a key problem constraining access to and use of e-resources. On the basis of these findings, the study recommends that university libraries should organise periodic training on the use of electronic resources for undergraduate students, adopt information literacy programmes and put marketing strategies in place to promote access and use of the library electronic resources.