Analysis of determinants of sustainability for community managed rural water supply projects in Tanzania

dc.contributor.authorKirenga, Dialista Appia Thomas
dc.descriptionAvailable in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr.Wilbert Chagula Library, class mark (THS EAF TD929.T34K573)en_US
dc.description.abstractAnalysis of determinants of sustainability for community managed rural water supply projects in Tanzania A Case of Moshi District Council, Kilimanjaro Region Dialista Appia Thomas Kirenga PhD (NARAM) University of Dar es salaam, Institute of resource assessment, 2019 Despite implementing the 1980s Structural Adjustment Programs (SAP), Tanzania has experienced a number of unexpected results and challenges in the community managed (CM) rural water supply projects resulting into unsustainability services delivery. As a result in Tanzania, water supply functionality status countrywide, currently indicate that out of about 87,221 water points, 31,855 are non-functional, 6,386 are partially functional and only about 48,980 are functional. This situation is denying 7,963,750 rural communities access to water supply services. In relation to that the main objective of this study was to deepen the understanding of the nature of the most critical determinants factors affecting sustainability of CM rural water supply projects in Tanzania. The first specific objective of the research was to explore perception of users and key informants on the understanding of water supply sustainability. The second specific objective was to establish the determinants of sustainability of water supply project, while the third one was to identify specific characteristics, which affect success or failure of water supply management models. The last specific objective was to establish factors necessary for improvement of CM rural water supply projects. A non-probability purposeful sampling technique was used to select sample size. Respondents were randomly selected from two villages based on their performance on water supply service delivery. In each sub village five out of ten respondents were randomly selected. A total of 157 community water users were selected from nine administrative wards in the study area. Five groups of ten key informants participated in FGD while 15 key informants were involved in in-depth interviews. These together represented 141,386 populations in the study area. SPSS and Microsoft excel for data analysis. Based on study findings, sustainability indicators are perceived differently between community water users, water entity operators and support organizations. Also, factors affecting sustainability in MDC are associated with both formalized and non-formalized factors. It was also established that historical perspectives about water sources ownership and local politics contribute to poor resources contribution and un-willingness to pay for the water supply services. Again, project exit strategies were found to be among factors that contribute to improve water supply services delivery in the case study area. Factors for improving sustainable services entail among others institutional reforms for effective sustainable cost recovery. Among others the study recommends that Principles of Common Pool Resources (CPR) and Institutional Bricolage should be integrated in project design to resolve challenges affecting sustainability.en_US
dc.identifier.citationKirenga,D,A,T,(2019)Analysis of determinants of sustainability for community managed rural water supply projects in Tanzania,Doctorial dissertation ,University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Dar es Salaamen_US
dc.subjectRular water supplyen_US
dc.subjectPublic utilitiesen_US
dc.subjectMoshi districtsen_US
dc.titleAnalysis of determinants of sustainability for community managed rural water supply projects in Tanzaniaen_US
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