Status of forest governance in redd+ readiness Tanzania: the case of Kolo Hills’ forests in Kondoa district

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University of Dar es Salaam
As Tanzania is among forefront countries committed to REDD+, it is important to examine its decentralized forest governance status since the national strategy is to implement the programme within the existing Participatory Forest Management (PFM) framework. This thesis is a case study focused on addressing governance gaps at village government institutions implementing PFM, with application of FAO/PROFOR forest governance analysis and monitoring framework model. The assessment was conducted in five villages implementing PFM and REDD+ pilot project at Kolo Hills’ forests through survey-questionnaires 250 administered to household heads, Focused group discussions, key-person unstructured interviews and documents’ review. It was found that governance status at villages as the key institutions implementing PFM does not foretell REDD+ readiness. The adherence level to good governance principles as perceived by villagers ranged from very low to medium across all governance principles. When villagers gauge the perceived state of governance on a Likert scale, governance status had a mean score of 1.79 out of 4 for the whole study community; indicating weak governance. However, there was a significant difference in governance status between villages at (P < 0.05). The leading village government found to have good adherence to most of governance principles scored 3.20 points on the Likert scale that imply good governance, while the least was the one which found to be very poor in most of the governance principles with a mean score below 1.0 points, which indicate very weak governance. The main hindering factors for good governance were found to be: i) a lack of willingness to act due to the weak incentives to government and community PFM stakeholders; ii) poor resource capability of village institutions; and iii) power relations among government and community PFM stakeholders. Gaps in legal framework that supports PFM was found to be the underlying cause for the poor governance by giving room for the hindering factors.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF SD414.T34M342)
Forest management, Kolo Hill's forests, Kondoa District, Tanzania
Makatta, A. A. (2017) Status of forest governance in redd+ readiness Tanzania: the case of Kolo Hills’ forests in Kondoa district, Doctoral dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam