Implementation of the guidelines for HIV/AIDS and life skills education programme in secondary schools in Tanga city council in Tanzania.

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study evaluated the implementation of the Guidelines for HIV/AIDS and life skills Education Programme in Secondary school in Tanga City Council. Specifically, it investigated the extent to which the guiding principles stated in the guideline had been fulfilled in the sampled secondary schools, how well the stated implementation approach was being followed in secondary schools and finally to find out if the set objectives stated in the guidelines had been achieved in the secondary schools studied in Tanga City Council. The study used mixed research design to collect data. It was conducted in three government secondary schools in Tanga City Council, using a sample of 310 respondents composed of secondary school students, Civics, Biology and General Studies’ subject teachers from the surveyed secondary schools school Counselors and District Coordinator for HIV/AIDS and Life Skills Education. Respondents were obtained through purposive and systematic sampling procedures. Data were collected through Questionnaire, Interviews and Focus Group Discussions (FGDs). Qualitative data were subjected to content analysis, while quantitative data were subjected to descriptive statistical analysis. Findings from this study revealed that there was lack of training and updating of information on HIV/AIDS preventive education for subject teachers and school counselors. Students’ involvement in the selection of school counselors was not satisfactory, and they lacked knowledge on the proper use of condoms. There was also lack of money to facilitate training and materials for training. Similarly, there was poor environment for counseling sessions, lack of students’ motivation to attend counseling, inadequate support from the government and lack of programme evaluators. The study concludes that, in order to have effective HIV/AIDS prevention educational programmes in secondary schools, all the parties to the programs have to be included and be well informed of their content. The study recommends that there is a need for frequent subject teachers’ training so as to enhance effective teaching of HIV/AIDS preventive education. In addition, schools have to be well equipped with funds and teaching materials as well as learning materials for students. Also, the government has to allocate more financial budget for the program. The government could liaise with Non-Government Organizations in order to raise funds for teachers’ training and teaching materials.
Available in printed form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library
HIV/AIDS education programme, secondary schools, Tanga city council, Tanzania
Ernest, N. (2013) Implementation of the guidelines for HIV/AIDS and life skills education programme in secondary schools in Tanga city council in Tanzania. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam.