The contribution of incentive packages to teachers’ mobility in private secondary schools in Tanzania: the case of Morogoro Municipality

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University of Dar es Salaam
The study sought to investigate the contribution of incentive packages to teachers’ mobility in Private Secondary Schools (PSSs) in Morogoro Municipality. To that effect, four research objectives guided this study: (i) To determine the status of the incentive packages provided to teachers in PSSs (ii). To investigate the reasons for teachers, mobility in PSSs. (iii). To determine the impact of teachers’ mobility on the teaching and learning process. (iv). To identify the strategies used by the school management to retain teachers in PSSs. The study used a case study design. It employed both the qualitative and quantitative approach. Purposive and simple random sampling techniques were used to select 10 PSSs and 121 respondents to provide data for study. Data were generated through interviews, focused group discussions, questionnaires and document search. Quantitative data were computed using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) software and then subjected to content analysis. The findings indicated that: First, all PSSs offered incentive package to teachers, but the incentive packages differed from one school to another. Secondly, the reasons for teachers’ mobility were economic, environment, social and managerial factors. Thirdly teachers’ mobility affected the teaching and learning process as well students’ performance in examinations. Fourthly, in order to mitigate high teachers’ mobility, PSSs management used different coping strategies. These included increasing incentive packages, improvement of the teaching and learning environment, employment contract reviews, meetings with the teaching staff and school policy reviews. The study concluded that teachers’ retention is a prerequisite for students’ academic performance. This implies that, education stakeholders should ensure that it is attained. The study recommends that: First, there is a need for the Ministry of Education and Vocational Training (MoEVT) to ensure that teachers are well paid in terms of salaries and other fringe benefits. Also, their job security and other rights have to be protected. The benefits have to cater for both physiological and psychological satisfaction.
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Incentives, Private secondary schools, Teachers, Morogoro municipality, Tanzania
Hauli, C. A. (2011) The contribution of incentive packages to teachers’ mobility in private secondary schools in Tanzania: the case of Morogoro Municipality. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at