Commuting as a factor of census underenumeration in Tanzania: a case study of Bukoba town.

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study attempts to answer several questions about weekend commuting in Bukoba town, which is suspected to be the main cause of underestimating it's population during census enumerations. The volume of weekend commuters was estimated and their demographic and socio-economic characteristics surveyed, as in these were suspected to be rooted the main reasons for commuting. As commuting involves movements, the means of transport used were examined, distances covered and districts of destination were established. Finally the overall costs incurred and the problems encountered, in the commuting process were examined. The study revealed that Bukoba town was underenumerated by 30.5%, and also males were predominant in commuting constituting 76%. In terms of property, 31.49 possessed plantations, 19.4% had houses in rural areas. About 5.0% had livestock and 30.8% had either bicycles or radios. As regards income 70.7% were receiving between 1000 - 3000/= shillings monthly, which is fairly high. About 21.4% were receiving less than 999%= shillings. Most of the commuters, about 83.1% visit their home villages because of the family ties. About 10.9% went to the villages to monitor plantation work and 2.0% were concerned with the progress of their livestock. Lastly 4.0% went home either for collecting provisions or for a short rest in the countryside. About 70.6% and 16.9% were from Bukoba and Muleba districts respectively, which have better communication links with Bukoba town. Most of them, 88.16 used public buses and 11.9% used bicycles for transport. However, difficult and unreliable means of transport coupled by high fares were cited as the major problems facing weekend commuters. A question on commuting has been suggested when conducting censuses so as to get a complete coverage of the population in areas suspected to have weekend commuting. The dissertation is divided into five chapters which include the introduction, literature review, methodology, analysis and conclusion.
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Commuting, Bukoba town, Census
Rwechungura, W. T. M. (1988). Commuting as a factor of census underenumeration in Tanzania: a case study of Bukoba town. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (