The effects of heads of school’s managerial practices on teachers’ performance in secondary schools in Moshi municipality, Tanzania

No Thumbnail Available
Date
2013
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
The study sought to investigate the effects of heads of school’s managerial practices on teachers’ performance in Moshi municipal in Tanzania. In particular, the study attempted to examine: (i) how heads of schools managerial practices influence teachers’ performance;(ii) the extent to which heads of schools’ motivation strategies influences teachers’ performance in secondary schools; and (iii) the extent to which delegation of responsibilities by heads of schools’ influences teachers’ performance in secondary schools. The study employed qualitative research approach and case study design. The study involved seven secondary schools in Moshi Municipal. The study composed a sample of 78 respondents, including of 35students, 35 teachers, 7 heads of schools and 1 Municipal Education Officer. Data were collected through interviews, questionnaires and observation. Data from the interview and observation were analysed by using descriptive display matrices, data from questionnaire were analysed through descriptive statistical (SPSS). The findings revealed that heads of schools employed five managerial practices to influence teachers’ performance namely supervision, motivation and delegation of power, decision making and communication. The identified managerial practices make teachers: have better organisation, completion of tasks and the syllabuses, more conscious of school activities than their own activities, committed, hardworking, confident of what they do hence they perform well, raises teachers’ morale, and sense of belongingness, and aware of what they are required to do. Furthermore the findings suggest that heads of schools employed six key types of motivation strategies namely: provision of accommodation and transport allowance; delegation of responsibilities; supporting and empowering teachers; provision of rewards/incentives; praise, recognition and feedbacks; and managing teaching and learning materials. It has been revealed that the identified strategies increase both job effectiveness and efficiency thus, helps to encourages teachers to perform well in their duties. It was concluded that teachers’ performance was not independent of the managerial practices and if heads of schools were to attain their goal proficiently, they would have to revise the managerial practices in order to influence performance. Based on these findings, the study recommended that the government need to encourage all heads of schools to undertake courses on school management, so that they will be in position to execute their duties effectively. Also, heads of schools should consider and fulfil the long term teachers basic demands including improving their salaries, incentives, house allowances, and availabilities of teaching and learning material.
Description
Available in print copy
Keywords
School principals, High school teachers, Tanzania, Academic achievement, Secondary, Moshi municipality
Citation
Mandia, M.G.(2013).