A Brief Review of Archaeological Remains in Tanganyika

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Tanganyika is rich in archaeological remains and those already found in the small portion of the Territory which has been subjected to extensive archaeological investigation indicate that many more sites of great scien¬tific value still await discovery. There is unfortunately as yet no compre¬hensive volume to which the enquirer can be referred comparable with publications dealing with adjacent territories, such as Dr. Leakey's “Stone Age Cultures of Kenya,” Dr. Clark’s “Stone Age Cultures of Northern Rhodesia,” or Rev. Neville Jones’ “Prehistory of Southern Rhodesia.” This paper will therefore attempt to summarize very briefly the present state of our knowledge of the known relics of Tanganyika’s past. For the purpose of these notes man’s past can be broadly divided into three periods, the prehistoric, the protohistoric and the historic. By the first, the prehistoric, we mean that period concerning which there are no. written or oral records available, by the protohistoric that period of which oral or traditional record is available, but nothing in writing, and by his¬toric that period covered by the written record. It will of course be obvious from what follows that these broad divisions must to some extent overlap. At one and the same time there are written records available concerning events on the coast known to the Portuguese in the 16th and 17th centuries, traditions preserved during this period amongst some up-country tribes who have enjoyed some stability of culture for a considerable period, and nothing but the stone implements of other folk now lost who were -co-exist¬ing at the same time with a culture still at the stone age level.
Available in Print form, East Africana Collection, Dr Wilbert Chagula Library, ( EAF FOS F78. B74)
archaeological, Territory, Stone Age, Rhodesia
Fosbrooke, Henry A. (1952) A Brief Review of Archaeological Remains in Tanganyika