Examining community involvement in water supply and sanitation projects: a case of Kibaha district council

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study was conducted in Kibaha district council, and the main objective was to examine community involvement in water supply and sanitation projects. Data was collected from two villages namely; Mtambani and Mlandizi. Rondon selection technique was used to obtain 10% of the community members in each studied village, leading to a sample size of 100 people. Statistical package for social science (SPSS) software was used to analyze the data. Statistical analysis showed that 90% of the total respondents are aware of the presence of water supply and sanitation projects and only few 10% of the respondents are not aware. The findings showed that 75 out of the total respondents participated well in the initial stage of the project. The study found that participation approach leads to water project sustainability only when element of project sustainability were considered at the early stage. Such elements included operational and maintenance costs and willingness of people to contribute. Capacity building was found to be significant, which included training of community water attendants, and formation of water user groups to carry over the project activities. Regression analysis was used to verily the findings of some variables to prove or disprove their relationship that is, between sex, education and community participation. Result from regression analysis show that sex of respondents has strong influence (significant to 95% confidence interval) on community participation in the project. The study finds that out of 100 respondents, 71% contribute labour power , 18% of the respondents contribute cash, and 9%contribute cash and labour power and only 2% does not contribute. The finding from the study revealed that dedicating more time and resources to the maintenance and management aspects of rural water development is a positive action and should help to improve sustainability of newly installed water supply infrastructure. However, the continued lack of community involvement in the decision making phase of water supply development projects, deeply entrenched patriarchal structures that continue to constrain leadership and decision make participation of the community members. The study recommends for a need to involve the community in solving rural water problems.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HD1699.T34M8521)
Water supply project, Water supply, Citizen participation, Sanitation project, Sanitation, Kibaha district council
Mwagose, J. (2014) Examining community involvement in water supply and sanitation projects: a case of Kibaha district council, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam