An assessment of the existing guidance and counselling practices in Tanzania primary schools: a case of Moshi urban and Rombo districts

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University of Dar es Salaam
The purpose of the study was to survey, analyse and assess the conventional guidance and counseling services currently being offered in our primary schools. Also it aimed at soliciting suggestions on how these could be improved to reach a professional level that could adequately meet the increasing magnitude and/or complexity of problems evident in the school system today. The study was carried out in Moshi urban and Rombo Districts, Kilimanjaro Region. The sample comprised of eight primary schools, four of which represented large schools while the other four represented average schools; 96 pupils were involved with 8 head teachers and 16 class teachers, two Ministry officials, three educational managers, a young administrator and non-governmental administrator. A case study approach was used with four techniques of data collection. These include questionnaires, interview schedules, documentary review and observation. The main finding of the study indicated that the magnitude, severity and causes of youth problems require guidance and counseling in schools today. The magnitude and severity differ depending on whether the school is in the urban or rural areas. Some problems such as drug abuse were experienced in the urban schools but not in the rural schools. There are guidance and counseling practices carried out by teachers and administrators as part of their work to control discipline of the learners. The guidance and counseling going on is conventional or traditional, this arises from the absence of guidance and counseling components in the professional course of teacher preparation. In addition, a number of suggestions on the evolvement of a clear policy, on building infrastructure and on training were given. The MEC should come up with clear policy to guide counseling components for teacher in-service programme courses. Specific personnel for guidance and counseling should be appointed for schools. However, for elementary counseling, concentration should be on preventive services. In addition, the programme content for schools should be researched on the differences between their rural or urban locations. In terms of further research, it was recommended that more need to be known about guidance and counseling in primary schools. Since the current study was based on a far too small sample, a larger sample should be used covering several urban and rural schools.
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Education, primary, Moshi urban district, Rombo District, Tanzania, Personnel service in education
Kimario, F.L (1994) An assessment of the existing guidance and counselling practices in Tanzania primary schools: a case of Moshi urban and Rombo districts, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (