Contribution of urban agriculture to food security: a case study of Sombetini, Daraja Mbili, and Sokon One Wards, in Arusha City

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Date
2012
Journal Title
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Volume Title
Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
Urban agriculture is defined as production in the home or plots in urban or peri-urban areas. This type of activity represents an important socio- economic change in contemporary third world urbanization. On the other hand food security, at individual, households, national, regional and global levels (is achieved) when all people at all times, have physical and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food to meet their dietary needs and food preferences for an active and healthy life (FAO, 1996). For the purpose of this research, nutritional status and quality of product were paid less attention because the major target was to assess what people produce in their home farms, and how it contributes to the food availability for the entire family per year. In obtaining this, information was gathered from a sample size of 152 respondents that were randomly selected from three wards in Arusha City, namely Sombetini, Daraja Mbili and Sokon One. The questionnaire, focus group discussion and field observation were the tools used. The information gathered concerned the farm size of the respondents, the type of farming they carried out in the respective areas, the amount of produce from home areas related to those purchased in the markets. Statistical Package for Social Science (SPSS) and Ms-Excel were used for analysis. The results from the findings show that the majority of the urban dwellers have farms of varying sizes and in different locations. Most of the farm sizes ranged from 0.5 acres to 3 acres all of which have an impact on the urban food production. Acres from >0.5 or = 1, makes a total percentage of 81.6% and the remaining acres i.e. >1 or =3+ make a percentage of 18.4%. The chi-square was used to test relationship between UA and food security. The results indicate that there is positive relationship, and UA contributes a significant amount to urban food security.
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Keywords
Food supply, Urban agriculture, Arusha city, Tanzania
Citation
Hamisi, R (2012) Contribution of urban agriculture to food security: a case study of Sombetini, Daraja Mbili, and Sokon One Wards, in Arusha City, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. (Available at http://41.86.178.3/internetserver3.1.2/detail.aspx)