The rapid growth of town and migration in Tanzania: the case of Babati town

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University of Dar es Salaam
The rapid increase of population dwelling in urban centres due to increase rate of in- migration surpasses the existing services found in those areas, resulting to the socio-economic problems. The problems are sometimes less understood and poorly documented especially in the new formed town centers like Babati in Manyara region. The main theories and models used in this study are that of Mabogtnje rural-urban system and other migration models related to internal migration. The sample was 200 household in two urban wards with total of four streets two from each ward, the selection of the wards and its streets was done with the assistance from District Secretary and was randomly selected. The methods used in data collection are interviews of households and key informants, observation, and group discussions. The methods of analysis are both qualitative and quantitative. The findings reveals that, the reasons for migration in the study area included level of poverty in rural areas, petty business and seeking better employment in urban areas. Most of the migrants in the study area are between age of 20-39 years old and most of them are married. The study further revealed that increased rate of Rural—urban migration increases the existing urban problems such as lack of water, poor sanitation, street children, beggars and prostitution. The study recommends that rural areas should not be neglected in terms of socio-economic and technological development to reduce the influx of people from rural to urban areas. The study also recommends that communities should build attitudes of being independent and creative in order to improve their income and be self-employed rather than depending on the Government on all developmental issues.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class Mark (THS EAF THS EAF HB2126.9.L38)
Rural-urban migration, Population density, Social problems, Urban problems, Urban policy, Migration, Babati town, Tanzania, Economic conditions
Lawi, J. (2007) The rapid growth of town and migration in Tanzania: the case of Babati town , Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam.