A history of the Mahenge (Ulanga) district, c.1860-1957

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study concerns itself with the history of the Mahenge (Ulanga) district in what is now southern Tanzania. The major ethnic groups involved are the Pogoro, Ndamba, Ngindo, Mbunga and River Bena. The first chapter outlines the geographical features of the area, suggested possible settlement patterns of the early nineteenth century, and discusses the direct and indirect impact of the Mfecane on southern Tanzania. The second chapter examines the response of Mahenge societies to the last of the nineteenth century invasions…. That of the Germans. It analyzes the structure of early German administration, the impact of taxation, and the establishment of new commercial structures based on the exploitation of wild rubber. Finally in revised interpretation is given of the Maji Maji rebellion. The third chapter deals with the final phrase of German colonial rule between 1907 and 1917. In the aftermath of the Maji Maji rebellion, the former alliance system crumbles and the German administration exerts close control over African leaders. The fourth chapter argues that the early period of British colonial rule was essentially little different from that of the Germans. The fifth chapter asserts that the 1930s and the second World War comprised the most disruptive and oppressive era of colonial rule. The last chapter documents the post war explosion of African protest including finally the local appearance of the Tanganyika African National Union.
Mahenge, Tanzania (District), History
Larson, L. E.(1976) A history of the Mahenge (Ulanga) district, c.1860-1957, PhD dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at