The changing role of literature in English language teaching in Tanzania Secondary Schools.

dc.contributor.authorEmmanuel, Kilines Sekwiha
dc.description.abstractThe situation of English Language and Literature teaching in Tanzania has been changing since independence when efforts were made to make education relevant to Tanzanians. English and Literature teaching had to undergo some changes to address the needs of Tanzanian learners. The Language and Literature curricular changes have not been analyzed systematically to determine their impact on the process of language teaching and learning. The objectives of the study were; firstly, to trace the changes which have taken place in the teaching of English/Literature since independence; secondly, to explore and analyze the skills transmitted through the integrated teaching of English/Literature. Thirdly, to find out the perceptions and views of English/Literature teachers, students, curriculum developers and NECTA officials on the integrated teaching of Literature and its role in English language teaching; Lastly, to identify factors that have affected the teaching of Literature and English Language in the integrated programme. The study was conducted in six secondary schools which teach English and Literature subject in Dar es Salaam. Twenty three English/Literature teachers and 120 students were involved. The study also involved curriculum and examination officials from the Tanzania Institute of Education (TIE), the National Examination Council of Tanzania (NECTA). Teachers and students completed questionnaires. Six teachers, one from each school; Language and Literature curriculum developers and NECTA official were interviewed. Documents like students' exercise books, literature books and some examination papers were analysed. Both qualitative and quantitative approaches were used to analyze the data. The findings indicated that in all the schools and institutions researched there was a high degree of confusion pertaining to the integrated teaching of English and Literature. Hence, the role of Literature in English language teaching was not clear to the stakeholders. Some recommendations to rectify the situation are put forward.en_US
dc.identifier.citationEmmanuel, K.S. (2003). The changing role of literature in English language teaching in Tanzania Secondary Schools. Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (
dc.publisherUniversity of Dar es Salaamen_US
dc.subjectEnglish language teachingen_US
dc.subjectSecondary educationen_US
dc.subjectRole of literatureen_US
dc.titleThe changing role of literature in English language teaching in Tanzania Secondary Schools.en_US