History of tourism and its socio-economic effects on surrounding communities in Kilombero

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study used Selous Game Reserve (SGR) as a case study to analyse the historical dynamics of the tourism industry in Tanzania. It specifically used Kilombero District in Morogoro Region as the study area with focus on surrounding communities in Mang’ula and Kidatu divisions from 1920s to 2010s. This study explores the history of tourism in the SGR and its socio-economic effects on the surrounding communities. In order to achieve the main objective, the study began by tracing establishment of the SGR, and then proceeded to examine promotion and development of tourism in the area. Finally, it assessed socio-economic effects of tourism in the SGR to the surrounding communities. The study applied qualitative research approach in collection of both primary and secondary data related to tourism in wildlife protected areas especially the SGR. The data were collected from archival sources, reports, books, paper, journal articles, dissertations and newspapers. In addition, the study used oral sources to capture local articulation on development narrative of tourism in the study area. Nevertheless, some quantitative data were used to validate qualitative arguments. The study was guided by Local Agency Theory and the stakeholders Theory on discussion of the role played by partners in the tourist industry, particularly in the SGR during the colonial period. After independence, the post-colonial government focused on promoting national development including rural development. The study found establishment of health and educational institutions in the aforementioned communities as a result of tourism activities at Msolwa administrative zone of the SGR from 2000 to present. The study draws the conclusion that while both the German and British colonial governments saw threat from the surrounding communities to sustainability of the wildlife resources and tourism in the protected areas like the SGR, a shift happened during the early 1960s when the post- colonial government considered the surrounding communities in the expansion and conservation of the protected areas for national development. Over time, especially since the late 1990s to date, the government recognised that the surrounding communities have the agency to contribute to sustainable tourism and the right to benefit from the SGR in terms of community
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF G156.T34M572)
Tourism, History, Economics, Communities, Kilombero district, Selous game reserve(1920s-2010s)
Misana, B.M ( 2020) History of tourism and its socio-economic effects on surrounding communities in Kilombero , Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.