Drivers and Welfare impacts of adoption of improved maize varieties among members of VICOBA groups in the southern highland regions of Tanzania; a case of Mbeya Regions

dc.contributor.authorKilombele, Happiness Zacharia
dc.date.accessioned2021-10-11T08:44:26Z
dc.date.available2021-10-11T08:44:26Z
dc.date.issued2020
dc.descriptionAvailable in print form, East Africana collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, class mark (THS EAF HG 2033.T34K556)en_US
dc.description.abstractLow rate of adoption of improved maize varieties (IMV), poor harvests, and poverty among smallholder farmers (SHF) continue to be problematic in Tanzania despite the existence of saving and loan groups through village community Banks (VICOBA), which facilitate credit accessibility in adopting the promising technologies for productivity increase and poverty reduction. The study used data from 120 VICOBA groups in Mbeya region to document the drivers of and welfare impacts from adoption of improved maize varieties among VICOBA groups in Mbeya region to document the drivers of and welfare impacts from adoption of improved maize varieties among VICOBA group members in Tanzania. Two specific objectives were studied; first to analyse the determinants of adoption of improved maize varieties among members of VICOBA groups and second to estimate the impacts of adoption on productivity and poverty. Maize yield and poverty score were used as outcome variables. The logit model was used to analyse the first objective and both Propensity Score Matching (PSM) and Endogenous Switching Regression (ESR) were used for impacts estimations. VICOBA group factors found significant in driving the adoption of IMV were VICOBA group size; savings proportion and social networks. Other factors were family size; education level; main occupation; own television; credit access; input and output market access, and district dummies. Results from both models PSM and ESR show positive impacts of adoption on productivity and poverty reduction. Impacts were higher for male headed households, for households headed by individuals with primary education (or below) and for less wealthy households in VICOBA groups. Target interventions such as group credit provision to youth and women VICOBA with low capital in order for members to invest in other income generating businesses apart from farming are crucial for reducing cost of credit acquisition which is important in technology adoption productivity maximization, and poverty reduction.en_US
dc.identifier.citationKilombele, H. Z (2020) Drivers and Welfare impacts of adoption of improved maize varieties among members of VICOBA groups in the southern highland regions of Tanzania; a case of Mbeya Regions, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.en_US
dc.identifier.urihttp://41.86.178.5:8080/xmlui/handle/123456789/15955
dc.language.isoenen_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Dar es salaamen_US
dc.subjectCredit unionen_US
dc.subjectCooperation socityen_US
dc.subjectLoansen_US
dc.subjectpersonelen_US
dc.subjectmaize productionen_US
dc.subjectVICOBA groupen_US
dc.subjectSouthern highland region of Tanzaniaen_US
dc.subjectMbeya regionen_US
dc.subjectTanzaniaen_US
dc.titleDrivers and Welfare impacts of adoption of improved maize varieties among members of VICOBA groups in the southern highland regions of Tanzania; a case of Mbeya Regionsen_US
dc.typeThesisen_US
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