Assessment of gender influence in household and resources allocation: a case study in Mbeya rural Utengule-Usongwe ward

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Unversity of Dar es Salaam
The aim of this study was to assess gender influence in household and resources allocation in Mbeya Rural District. The process of resources allocation at household level involves two different genders whereby male dominates female in all sphere of life. It was discovered through many literatures that women were discriminated, oppressed, not access to, control and inherit of land by customary law. The study was carried out in Mbeya Rural District, which involved 196 household scomprised of married, widow/widower, cohabiting and divorced in Utengule-Usongwe ward. The data were collected using questionnaires, interview, Focus Group Discussions and documentary review. The data were edited, coded, and analyzed using SPSS version 16.0 computer program. The qualitative data were analyzed and integrated in the report according to the objectives of the study. The findings of the study revealed that, the majority of the respondents had knowledge about the cultural influence in the household which discriminate and oppress women’s rights and favour men as superior over women. The respondents were also aware about the tendency of the societies to allocate the available resources at household level more to boys than girls. The study revealed that the majority of decision makers and heads of the households were men. However, the study confirmed that culture plays a great role in discriminating and oppressing women at household level. The findings show clearly that gender inequality is mainly based in relation to access and control over domestic resources in the household, whereby men are still dominating all sphere in the households. Basing on the findings, the study recommends that there is a need to filter and alleviate the harmful elements in culture which lead to ill-treatment of women and hinder women’s rights at household level. Also there is a need to teach statutory laws in primary and secondary in order to raise awareness about gender equality.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HB849.49.T34M852)
Resource allocation, Household surveys, Mbeya rural district, Utengule- usongwe ward, Tanzania
Mwajamila, E. (2016) Assessment of gender influence in household and resources allocation: a case study in Mbeya rural Utengule-Usongwe ward , Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam