Human activities influencing degradation in water catchment areas in Tanzania: a case study of the Uluguru mountains

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Date
2014
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
This study investigated human activities influencing environmental degradation in water catchment areas in Tanzania. a case of study Uluguru Mountains in Morogoro District. The study focused on identifying human activities influencing degradation in water catchment areas, examining the impact of human activities in water catchment areas, assessing the policies pertaining to the conservation of water catchment areas and evaluating the coping strategies in addressing human activities influencing degradation in water catchment areas in Uluguru Mountains. To achieve the desired objectives of the study, a total of 100 respondents were drawn randomly and purposively. Both qualitative and quantitative techniques were used in data collection and analysis. Data were collected through the use of the questionnaires, focus group discussions, interviews, documentary review and non-participatory field observation. The analysis of data was done using the Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) version 16.0. Manual work and Excel were also used to derive simple descriptive statistics such as percentages, tables, histograms, frequencies, pie-charts and cross-tabulations. The study affirmed that human activities do contribute to the degradation of the catchment area and thus, recommends embarking on sensitization and awareness programmes among community members to control degradation in the study area by enabling them to understand (i) the linkage of environment development; (ii) the value of existing resources; (iii) the need for subsidising other alternative sources of income to avoid dependence on environmental resources; and (iv) the need for reviewing and updating the policies, by-laws and laws or acts involved in water catchment areas.
Description
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF GE160.T34M553)
Keywords
Enviroment degradetion, Uluguru Mountains, Tanzania
Citation
Mlemka, A. (2014) Human activities influencing degradation in water catchment areas in Tanzania: a case study of the Uluguru mountains.Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.