Impact of climate change on land resource use conflict: a case of Mvomero District, Tanzania

Thumbnail Image
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
University of Dar es Salaam
The study examined the impact of climate change on land resource use conflict in Mvomero District, Tanzania. A large part of the study area has already experienced conflicts between herders and farmers. The study used both qualitative and quantitative research approaches. Household Questionnaires, Focus Group Discussions, Key Informant Interviews and participant observation were employed during data collection. Quantitative data were analyzed using Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) IBM version 20 and Ms Excel. The study established out that the mean annual rainfall patterns appear to have have decreased significantly (-ve Slope). There is also high fluctuation in decreasing rainfall (R2=0.161). Temperature increment is one of the indicators of the changing climate. The data also show high variation of temperatures (R2 =0.265). The data were recorded for 30 consecutive years. The study noted that land resource competition among farmers and pastoralists is exacerbating resource and consequential conflicts. It was further noted that, cattle raids increase during drought periods. The findings are interpreted to be indicative evidence that land use conflicts in Mvomero District are shaped by population growth, overstocking, lack of clear demarcations, poor land policies, and shortage of grazing land, Also corruption, environmental change, which eventually cause water scarcity, scarcity of pasture and detritions of land fertility. Budget allocation in Mvomero District for five years shows that, the articulation of climate change impact mitigation and adaptation interventions in the sector budget is very limited in study area. Apparently, appeared to be the methods used to manage conflicts between farmers and herders in the area were effective. Nevertheless, comment still in study area experience farmer-herder conflicts in the district. The study provides recommendations on what should be done to tackle impacts of climate change and hence manage the farmer-herder conflicts.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF QC981.8C5T34M72)
Climate change, Land use, Agriculture, Mvomero, district, Natural resources, Tanzania
Msangi, S. R. (2016) Impact of climate change on land resource use conflict: a case of Mvomero District, Tanzania, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam