An investigation of the availability and application of Information Technology in Institutions of Higher Learning in Tanzania.

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study investigated availability and application of information technologies like, computers, Compact Disc-Read Only Memory, Internet, scanner, photocopiers etc. The study studied institutions of higher learning in Dar es Salaam and Morogoro regions. A total of twelve institutions were studied. The study used both primary and secondary sources of data. Findings of this study have established that most institutions of higher learning in Tanzania with the exception of the universities which were not part of this study still lag behind in the application of information technology. Few institutions had IT facilities used for information management, and accessibility due to a number of reasons. Some of the reasons included, inadequate funding, bureaucracy, poor telecommunication and communication facilities and erratic and unreliable power supply. Availability of information technology differed from one institution to another due to various sources of funding like private sources, grants, donations and government subventions each institution had. Applications of IT varied from one institution to another. For example, computers were mostly used for word processing. Use of other facilities like scanners, photocopiers and CD-ROM varied between the institutions. Furthermore, this study revealed that the level of skills on the use of IT especially computers were low in most institutions. Based on the findings this study therefore recommends the following: one, there is a need to increase the number of information technology in all institutions of higher learning in Tanzania; two, since information technology needs special skill to operate, then there is a need to make an effort to train users in each institution so that the available IT facilities are not underutilized. Such training must cater for staff and other users like students, secretaries etc; three, due to high costs involved in the acquisition of IT government should be advised to reduce or remove all import taxes on IT facilities. Fortunately the government of Tanzania has already implemented some of these measures by reducing import taxes on computers; four, there must be a clear national policy to guide development of information technology so as to reduce its arbitrary growth. Such policy must clearly set out standards, training requirements and funding alternatives for IT development.
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Information storage and retrieval systems, Study teaching, Higher Learning Institute, Tanzania
Tweve, J. T. (2000). An investigation of the availability and application of Information Technology in Institutions of Higher Learning in Tanzania. Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (