Urbanization and Environmental Management: the case of Moshi Municipality Tanzania

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study is centered on rapid urbanization and its impact on the environment in Moshi municipality. The study begins with the examination of growth of Moshi and its characteristics and later it treats the impact of such growth on the environment both built and natural. The findings indicate that urbanization in Moshi is a result of migration, natural increase and reclassification of Settlements which were in the past rural. It was observed that the average size of a family among the surveyed sample was 6 which is higher than 1988 census findings of 4.4. The percentage of children born in Moshi town among the surveyed households was 41.8 percent while household heads born in Moshi were 11.8 percent only. This shows that there is a further potential for natural increase to contribute to the urbanization of Moshi. The size of children born elsewhere but captured in the survey was 58.2 percent and for the household heads it was 88.2 percent. This represents the migration component among the surveyed sample. In both cases (parents and children) , migration component contributed more than the natural increase component. The reclassified areas contribute though a small but substantial amount too. In 1988 national census, these areas contributed 21.7 percent of the population. the environment in Moshi town is deteriorating over time. Responses in zones A and B tallied at 72 percent while from zone C, 80 percent pointed so. This could imply also that the people in zone C suffer most or the zone is highly affected. Environmental problems which were identified in this study were air pollution, noise, poor greenery, liquid waste and solid waste collection, soil erosion and water shortage. These problems were caused by population increase, natural factors, social behaviours (bad\deviant behaviours) of the urbanites and poor management of the town. The respondents pointed out that the leading cause was weak management and not population increase. It was noted from the sample survey that a majority of the respondents would like to try other approaches of managing the environment which are practiced elsewhere in developing countries. These include use of private sectors, community based organizations (CBOs) and partnership of these or with the municipal. Their response pattern rated private sector method as the best approach , followed by private sector cum municipal and the third was municipal, CBOs and private sectors jointly. The current approach of using the Municipal was rated fifth below Municipal cum CBO partnership. The other one was use of CNOs and the last was use of CBOs and private sectors jointly.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr.Wirbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS DTU HT153.T47T34)
Urbanization, Environmental aspects
Titus, C (1996) Urbanization and Environmental Management: the case of Moshi Municipality Tanzania, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.