Managing forests for rural and urban energy consumption: a case Study of Jozani-Chwaka Coastal Forest, Zanzibar

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University of Dar Es Salaam
Well over seventy-five percent of the Tanzania population depends on natural resources, including forest resources for their livelihood. Forest resources provide several socio-economic and cultural values to the community. Despite their many advantages, forest resources continue to be degraded very rapidly in Jozani and Chwaka shehias. This study intended to find out responsible measures to be taken for effective management of forests resource from deforestation and degradation for sustainable rural and urban energy consumption. The study was carried out in South District Region of Unguja Island Zanzibar, focusing on Jozani and Chwaka shehias. The study was guided by four specific objectives: (1) identify the main energy sources used by the local community in the study areas, (2) assess the factors responsible for managing coastal forest in the study areas, (3) examine the capacity of and reasons behind local institutions engaging in management of forest resources along the study area and (4) identify current forestry legislative by-laws and control measures for deforestation in Jozani and Chwaka Shehias. To achieve the desired results, the study examined eighty respondents who were selected by simple random sampling techniques. These included local community and key informants. Interview, questionnaires, focus group discussions, field observation and documentary review methods were involved in data collection. Both qualitative and quantitative data analysis were used for analyzing data that were collected. Qualitative data were analyzed by qualitative ways. Quantitative data analysis involved the use of crosssectional method and Statistical Package for Social Sciences (SPSS) Version 17.0 and Microsoft Excel. The study revealed that the key factors that contribute to then increasing the rate of deforestation and forests degradation in Jozani and Chwaka shehias include the economic hardship, population growth, absence of affordable alternative sources of energy and mass poverty. The study recommends that, in order to respond positively to this situation, responsible measures are needed to control deforestation and forests degradation in the study areas by subsidizing the cost of alternative sources of energy and review and updating forests policy.
Available in print form, East Wilbert Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF SD414.T34S24)
Gas power plants, Tegeta gas power plant, Tanzania
Said, N (2013)Managing forests for rural and urban energy consumption: a case Study of Jozani-Chwaka Coastal Forest, Zanzibar, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam