Leadership styles and school performance in NECTA: a case study of public secondary school in Morogoro region

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study examined how leadership styles affect school performance in NECTA. The study purposively selected nine public secondary schools in Morogoro Region which were grouped into three categories according to their performance: HPC (3); MPC (3) and LPC (3). Data were collected through interviews, questionnaires, participatory observations, focus group discussions and document reviews. A random sample of nine school heads, 170 teachers and 350 students was taken. The study found that in the selected public secondary schools there were three leadership styles, namely delegitive, democratic and authoritative all being dominantly used. Their influence towards effective school achievement in NECTA varied from one group of performance to another. HPC schools had mostly democratic style, MPC schools had mostly delegetive style, while LPC schools were mostly under authoritarian style of leadership, Delegitive and democratic styles promoted conducive and enabling environment in which staff meetings were held while authoritarian style created an atmosphere of fear and lack of dialogue leading to underperformance in NECTA examinations. The study also showed that the dominant teaching methods in PSS were question answer, discussions and demonstrations. The study indicated that the majority of school heads and teachers teaching in PSS were trained, though there were big problems of shortage of teachers, teaching and learning materials negatively affecting school achievement at NECTA. These findings suggest that leadership styles in PSS when properly used promoted good performance in NECTA as proven by HPC and MPC schools that had democratic and delegitive leadership styles respectively.
Available in print form, EAF collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library (THS EAF LB 2806.3.M46)
School management teams, Leadership, Secondary school
Mgani, Erastus E (2006) Leadership styles and school performance in NECTA: a case study of public secondary school in Morogoro region,Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam