A History of Makonde Migration to Pemba 1890-1963

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University of Dar es Salaam
The study investigates the Makondes' experiences during their migration to Pemba and how they deal with challenges they faced as they attempted to establish their settlements in the period between l 890 and 1963. The disse11ation is based on a qualitative study among the Makonde migrants in Pemba. Drawing on the push-pull and political economy theoretical frameworks, the stud y investigated the underlying factors and structures that forced the Makonde to migrate to Pemba . The study mainly used snowball as a sampling technique to get respondents who arc the Makonde migrants. Data collection methods such as in-depth interview , documentary review as well as participant observation were used. The secondary data from journal articles, books, and research papers was supplemented by the data from the field . The research findings point to and confirm enormous challenges and obstacles that Makonde migrants faced with and strategies they used to overcome them . This study has further found economic and non-economic attributes to the Makonde migration to Pemba. The Makonde endeavored to deal with the difficulties by reso11ing to several strategies in their home place against the Portuguese regime while undercover boycott was among the earlier strategies but most of them ultimately fled to neighboring countries as life became extremely difficult. Furthem1ore, the study has also shown that Makonde migrants' experiences and survival strategies have been mediated by the integration that existed and still exists with the Pemba natives. Respondents have expressed feelings of hope and encouragement. In addition, the study has highlighted the threat of absorption of the small community or Makondes in Pemba following various transformations.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr.Wirbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF DT443.3.M34A44)
Makonde (African people), History, Migration, Pemba
Ali, A (2018) A History of Makonde Migration to Pemba 1890-1963, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.