Labour productivity in Tanzania's textile industry

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University of Dar es Salaam
The study found out that while the trend of output (except for Urafiki) had been rising, each mill surveyed faced one or more of the following five drawbacks which adversely influenced its production activity. These included: supply of raw materials, cotton and synthetic raw materials. Though it has unfortunately been impossible to obtain except estimates for subsequent years, the trend remains the same. Relating these observations to labour productivity, the management of Kiltex attributes the under capacity utilisation at Arusha mill (1974 and 1975) and low output at Dar es Salaam mill (1975) to lack of imported synthetics raw materials especially after the introduction of the 1975 Import Licensing Bill. The supply of yarn, dye stuffs and other chemicals and lubricants accounted for most of Mwatex low output and under utilisation of installed capacity in 1973, 1974 and 1975. The unavailability and supply interruption of spare parts, electricity, water, fuels and lubricants was another group of problems that were voiced in every much vested in almost every year. They were more pronounced in 1975 especially among the Dar es Salaam based mills before and during the expansion of the Ruvu Water supply Scheme and for all mills following the Import Licensing Bill. Manpower problems related to low level of skills to man the machinery and strikes and high production costs for the firms to compete effectively in foreign and domestic markets without undue protection are other problems affecting textile industry in Tanzania.
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Tanzania, Industries, Textile industries, Labour productivity
Mrutu, D. G (1978) Labour productivity in Tanzania's textile industry, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at ( )