The role of wetlands utilization in poverty alleviation and impact on the environment: a case study of Simiyu River Magu district Tanzania

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Date
2006
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
This study aims at understanding the role of wetlands utilization in poverty reduction and identifying environmental impacts of wetland uses. the study was undertaken in Simiyu river wetland, Magu district, Mwanza, Tanzania. It was conducted through field survey and data were collected using questionnaires, informal interviews, observation, meetings and focus group discussions. a total of 120 questionnaires were distributed to the respondents in Buminza, Kipeja and Nyalikungu villages . About92% of the questionnaires were completed and returned. Remote sensing image processing was done identifying the changes that have taken place in the wetland. The results revealed that Simiyu wetland plays important role in poverty reduction. Activities undertaken on the wetland contribute in income generation and food production. However, there are negative impacts resulting from the existing uses. The major impact is wetland loss where 75% of the wetland has been lost. Poor farming implements lack of capital and knowledge on wise use are the major cause of unsustable uses of the wetland and perception of poverty. At the national level the contradictions existing in wetlands management and lack of environmental framework law over a long time contribute to unsustable uses and thus poverty. The study, recommends that the poor are empowered knowledge wise and financially to manage the wetland and improve their livelihood. The contradictions in wetlands management should be resolved and the newly enacted environmental law used to back up environmental policy to achieve sustainability.
Description
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF QH77.T34.M85)
Keywords
Wetland conservation, Poverty, Environmental aspect, Magu District
Citation
Mwita, E (2006) The role of wetlands utilization in poverty alleviation and impact on the environment: a case study of Simiyu River Magu district Tanzania.Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.