Child Labour and the Women's Changing Role in Urban Areas: the Case Study of Kinondoni Municipality

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University of Dar es Salaam
The study examined problems of child domestic labourers and the women's changing role in urban areas. It focused on factors, activities and working conditions for children, and how the changing roles of urban women influence an increase of child domestic workers. The main objective of this study was to examine the status of child labour in domestic activities and its relation to the changing role of women in urban areas.Methodological triangulation was used to collect information on Factors compelling children to engage themselves into domestic work, their working conditions and the influence of women in the increase of child domestic workers. It involved the use of survey interviews, in-depth interviews and documentary review. Results show that respondents had different background characteristics such as age, gender, education level, marital status, religion, household size, income level and occupation.It was found out that girls and boys perform different tasks. Most of the times girls performed inside chores such as house cleaning, taking care of children and cooking, while boys performed outside chores such as gardening and cattle keeping.It has been concluded that children worked under poor conditions, epitomized by working long hours, lack of protection during work, low wages, lack of proper treatment when ill and poor working conditions. In total, these were found to be various features of the nature of child domestic workers.Furthermore, findings on the factors that influence child domestic labour showed that predisposing and enabling variables (poverty and parents' economic status) were the most important predictors also many hardships back, home support their families and lack of school fees and influence from other working children.The study also observed that most women who are employed and business women cannot perform their home activities without assistance of domestic labour. Most of them hire children who are under eighteen years old. The study concludes by drawing policy and research implications of the findings.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HD6051.2.K47)
Child labour, Women, Urban areas
Kessy, Sophia Cyril (2006) Child Labour and the Women's Changing Role in Urban Areas: the Case Study of Kinondoni Municipality, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam