Spousal abuse in ethnic minorities: a case study of the Asian community in Tanzania

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University of Dar es Salaam
This research was about spousal abuse as an aspect of domestic violence in the Asian community in Tanzania with the case study of Kisutu Ward, Ilala distritct, Dar es Salaam. The research problem was to examine perceptions and experiences regarding spousal abuse by looking at the meaning attached to abuse and dominant forms of abuse experienced in the Asian community. This research was guided by the theory of Symolic interactionism as described by Hubert Blumer whereas as individuals act on things according to the meaning attached to those things. Blumer also says that meanings can be modified and redefined as individuals re interprets meanings in the process of interaction with others. In this study an attempt was made to understand cultural elements in the Asian culture that informs or influences interpretive process in giving meaning to spousal abuse, forms of spousal abuse and the gender aspect of abuse in the Asian community. The study used in depth interview as a method of data collection together with relevant secondary sources of data such as community record files and available literature. The findings revealed a tendency of concealing abuse in the Asian community due to the meanings ascribed to the concept of abuse and the sacredness of the institution of marriage. Spousal abuse is perceived as shameful and private affair. There was no clear evidence of abuse against women only however forms of abuse differed between men and women. A pattern of abuse was observed in the context of spousal abuse beginning from denial of abuse, acceptance phase, minimizing and coping phase. It is recommended therefore, to have further detailed and ethnic/ cultural specific researches conducted in the area of domestic violence in Tanzania.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library
Spousal abuse, Ethnic minorities, Asian community, Tanzania
Bapumia, F. I (2009) Spousal abuse in ethnic minorities: a case study of the Asian community in Tanzania, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam.