Migrants and struggles for livelihood opportunities in the Usangu plains, 1940-2000

dc.contributor.authorMwendapole, Shida
dc.descriptionAvailable in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HD5856.T34M853)en_US
dc.description.abstractThis study examines migrants and struggles for livelihood opportunities in the Usangu Plains from 1940 to 2000. It has three objectives; to analyze the influx of migrants in the Usangu Plains; to examine the responses of indigenous communities to the immigrants; and to examine struggles for access and control of livelihood opportunities. Analysis of oral interviews, archival records and secondary sources, has led tothree main findings. First, it was noted that migrants were pushed from their homelands to the Usangu Plains by factors such as land scarcity and over population of both livestock and people. Immigrants included the Baluch, Maasai, Sukuma, Nyakyusa, and Ndali to mention a few. Second, the indigenous communities’ responses to immigrants varied depending on the nature of immigrants. For instance, they responded negatively to pastoral and agro-pastoral migrants, such as the Maasai and Sukuma respectively while the response to agricultural migrants varied depending on their origin and time of arrival to the Usangu Plains. Response to the Baluch and late Nyakyusa who arrived from the 1950swas positive while it was negative to the Nyakyusa who arrived earlier. Third, the study noted that migration to the Usangu Plains led to over population of animals and people. Increase in both animals and people out numbered resources of the area, resulting into struggles for accession of scarce resources for human and animal survival. Major resources which were highly demanded by both immigrants and indigenous community included water for both irrigation and animal swill asa well as land for agriculture and animal pastures.en_US
dc.identifier.citationMwendapole, S. (2017) Migrants and struggles for livelihood opportunities in the Usangu plains, 1940-2000. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam.en_US
dc.publisherUniversity of Dar es Salaamen_US
dc.subjectMigrant labouren_US
dc.subjectUsangu Plainsen_US
dc.subjectMbeya regionen_US
dc.titleMigrants and struggles for livelihood opportunities in the Usangu plains, 1940-2000en_US
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