Wage differential based on gender: the case of urafiki textile industry

No Thumbnail Available
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Unversity of Dar es Salaam
The main purpose of this study was to determine whether there is a female-male salary differential in Urafiki textile industry. Specifically, the study intended to explore some constraints that lead to sex based wage, study the education background and experience of female and male workers and draw up some strategies to overcome the constraints. The study was carried out in Dar es Salaam region and using the Urafiki textile industry as a case. A structured undisguised questionnaire was used as a basic tool for collection of primary data. Secondary data were collected from various sources. Both the primary and secondary data were used in the analysis of the main key elements of this study. The results from this study reveal that such a differential exists in the industry. Women, apart from being assigned into work with low wage, their advancement and upward mobility to positions with more responsibility are subdued. Workers are not given opportunity for further training and capacity building courses. Most of the constraining factors were occupational separation, human capital differences and the nature of work. This study recommends that management and business leaders break “the glass ceiling” by paying both sexes comparable salaries for equal work responsibilities as well as increasing the quantity and quality of educated women. Promotion decisions should be based on merit and performance. The industry should pay the minimum wage as it has been officially declared by the government. Equality check tool has to be developed to help employers look at the range of issues that impact on the gender pay gap.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HD6059.6.T34M82)
Wage inequality, Gender equality, Urafiki Textile Industry, Sex discrimination
Mwankenja, T. S. (2008) Wage differential based on gender: the case of urafiki textile industry, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam