Assessment of strategies for preventing teachers’ turnover in public secondary schools in ruangwa district, Tanzania

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Date
2017
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam,
Abstract
This study assessed the strategies for preventing teachers’ turnover in public secondary schools in Ruangwa district, Tanzania. The study was guided by three objectives: first, the study had to examine the extent of teachers’ turnover and the associated factors in public secondary schools. Second, the study set forth to examine the available strategies for preventing teachers’ turnover in public secondary schools. Lastly, the study was intended to investigate challenges encountered in implementing strategies for preventing teachers’ turnover in public secondary schools. The study employed the qualitative approach and multiple embedded case study design. Data were collected through three methods namely; interview, focus group discussion and documentary review. The sample of the study comprised 42 respondents; 30 teachers from five schools, 5 heads of schools, 5 Ward Education Officers (WEO), 1 Teachers Service Commission (TSC) secretary and 1 District Secondary Education Officer (DSEO).These were selected through purposive and simple random techniques. The findings of the study revealed that the extent of teachers’ turnover in Ruangwa district was relatively high with the rate of 28 percent. The findings also revealed that teachers’ turnover was contributed by several factors (such as lack of teachers’ in-service training and opportunities for professional development, poor working conditions, and poor management). It was further indicated that several strategies were being used to address the problem of teachers leaving their working stations (such as involvement of teachers in decision making, provision of teaching and learning facilities, employing new teachers and hiring part-time teachers, provision of incentives and improvement of working conditions). Additionally, the findings showed that the implementation of strategies for preventing teachers’ turnover was faced by various challenges including lack of community support, superstition and witchcrafts and age and gender. From the findings, the study concluded that: First, teachers’ turnover is a big challenge in public secondary schools in Ruangwa district. Second, various factors including lack of teachers’ in-service training and opportunities for professional development, poor social services and many others were found to increase the rate of turnover. Third, improved teachers’ working conditions, administrative support and incentives can enhance teachers’ retention in public secondary schools. Fourth, superstitions and witchcrafts practices hold back the school efforts to attract and retain teachers in public secondary schools. Fifth, budget ceiling constraints is an obstacle in the implementation of strategies for preventing teachers’ turnover. The study recommends that, the district council in collaboration with the Ministry of Presidents’ Office, Regional administration and Local government should employ more efforts in improving school’s physical working environment. The district authority should involve other educational stakeholders like NGOs, financial institutions and mining companies to address the problem. Ministry of Presidents’ Office, Regional administration and Local government should educate communities on the benefits of retention of teachers but also improve teachers terms of services as well as involving tem in decision in general and those regarding their fate in particular. Finally, the government should deliberately review teachers’ salary scale and make some improvements to attract and retain teachers.
Description
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF LB2833.4.T34N456)
Keywords
teacher turnover, Secondaty schools, Ruangwa district, Tanzania
Citation
Ngonyani, H (2017), Assessment of strategies for preventing teachers’ turnover in public secondary schools in ruangwa district, Tanzania,Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam