International migration and transfer of technology: a study of two firms in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam.Available at

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Date
2011
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University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
This study examines the effectiveness of government interventions in transferring skills and technology from international migrant labour to local employees. It is a case study of Dar es Salaam in Tanzania. The study employs qualitative and quantitative research approaches to examine the effectiveness of government interventions in guiding skills/technology transfer by the international migrant labour to local employees in Karibu Textile Mills and Nida Textile Mills. Primary data were obtained from the selected government and private offices in Temeke and Ilala districts while secondary data were collected from various written sources. A total of 45 respondents were consulted. These were obtained by using snowball and purposive sampling techniques. A total of 15 government employees were consulted. These included 5 from labour office, 5 from Immigration Department and 5 from Tanzania Investment Centre. Data for the study were collected by using interviews and questionnaires. The study revealed that the understanding of government policies on international migration and transfer of technology was low in both government and private companies. In general, the study found out that, the existing government interventions are incapable in controlling international migrant labour and their activities in the two firms selected. Only 13.3% of respondents agreed that the existing government intervention is enough while 66.7% of respondents said that government interventions are incapable of controlling the inflows of migrant labour and their activities in areas where they are admitted. 20% of respondents said they were not sure. The findings of the study seem to suggest that there is a lot to be done in order to improve the content of the existing government policies. Also, policies need to be prepared and put into action by the institutions which have no clear policies on immigration issues and technology transfer (for those dealing with migration and/or technology transfer). Findings further indicated that the two case studies (firms) were not serious in admitting international migrant labour, preparation of TTA, and monitoring and evaluation. This leads to failure of report mechanism within the firm hierarchy and also to responsible government institutions. Incentives to encourage transfer were to some extent provided in NTM but in KTM there were no incentives at all. The study recommends that there should be enough training of government officials and firm administrators dealing with migrant labour. This will raise awareness and reduce a number of unnecessarily admitted international migrant labour. Training mechanism should be seriously put in action to improve technical know how out of admitted international migrant labour. This will lead to the raising productivity and efficiency.
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Available in print
Keywords
Emigration and immigration, Alien labor, Technology transfer, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Citation
Komba, N. P. (2011) International migration and transfer of technology: a study of two firms in Dar es Salaam, Tanzania. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam.Available at http://41.86.178.3/internetserver3.1.2/detail.aspx