Household transport expenditure and travel behaviour in Tanzania: the case of Dar es Salaam city

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study examined household expenditures on transport and travel behavior in Tanzania in order to provide insights and evidence as a basis for transport policy and strategies in urban settings in the region. The analysis of the study applied descriptive analysis, logit and count data models, as well as indices and graphical tools of analysis to explore household transport expenditures and travel behaviors of individuals. Two different dataset has been used in the analysis namely Household Budget Survey (HBS) of 2007, Household Interview Survey (HIS) of 2007 which are expenditure and travel surveys respectively. Key findings of this study are as follow: First, despite the fact that it is a derived demand, transport is an important component of household budget; the finding which is consistent with what found on other studies in developing countries. Second, commuting by bus and walking are the widely used mode of transport by households in Dar es Salaam city a feature that is also common in most of developing countries. Third, the socio-economic characteristics such as education, gender, age, income and occupation appear to play key influential role in travel behavior of individuals. Notable of these, the socio-economic dimensions of households as well as time and out-of-pocket costs were found to have potential role in affecting the travel behavior of individuals in Dar es Salaam city. Thus, the policy implication drawn from the study is that formulation of transport policies and programs should focus to ensure cost of commuting are affordable to all especially for poor residents. Fiscal and non fiscal measures are key to facilitate performance of the transport sector particularly urban transport sector.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HE283.9.K57)
Transportation, Economic aspects, Dar es Salaam City, Tanzania
Kisanga, E. K. (2016) Household transport expenditure and travel behaviour in Tanzania: the case of Dar es Salaam city, Doctoral dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam