Situational analysjs of HIV/AIDS among chagga in Moshi rural district

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Unversity of Dar es Salaam
The study analysed the situation of HlV/AIDS among the Chagga in Moshi rural district. In order to achieve this, the study looked at the trends, characteristics, magnitude and impact of the pandemic as well as explaining its tragedy in view of social-economic changes. This study was qualitative in nature and was guided by questions rather than hypotheses because it was an exploratory study. Data collection methods included participatory observations, interviews, focus group discussions, and case study follow-up and documentary reviews. The study has shown that the crisis of HIV/AIDS emerged in era when people were engaged in a conscious struggle with forces both impinging upon and internal to their social cultural situation. This study has demonstrated that gender inequalities, demographic pressure, social and genomic changes have operated in the times of hardship in such a way as to place the Chagga in particular risk. Rural dynamics were propelled by global changes bringing about economic crisis- While this is the fact, the frustrations and ambiguities in relation to the pandemic among medical practitioners, policy makers and local people persisted as both failed to withstand its consequences. The growth of HIV/AIDS scourge is amplified by the number of people requiring home based-care as well as number of deaths. Due to these drastic changes, social ties among the Chagga in organising social activities have seriously been impaired. The enormous increase in the number of ophans and deaths as well as overflowing of patients in health facilities has added socio-economic consequences for rural people. To arrest this situation, Churches concentrated on behavioral change and education while NGOs concentrated more specifically on caring for orphans and home-based care. Finally this study recommends reforms and workable strategies to fight against the scourge.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF RA644.25T34 A52)
AIDS (Desease), Chagga, Moshi, Tanzania
Anaeli, A. (2007) Situational analysjs of hiv/aids among chagga in Moshi rural district, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam