Parenting styles and school attendance among secondary school students in Bahi District, Tanzania

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University of Dar es Salaam
The study investigated the role of parenting style on attendance of secondary school students in Bahi district. The objectives were to; explore the impact of permissive parenting style on attendance of secondary school students, examine the manner in which authoritarian parenting style affects attendance of secondary school students, find out how authoritative parenting style contribute to attendance of secondary school students. The conceptual framework proposed by Kang and Moore (2011) was adopted and modified for the study with variables including authoritative, authoritarian and permissive parenting styles. Qualitative research approach was employed for the study using case study design. The sample comprised of 92 respondents that includes; heads of schools, class teachers, students, student leaders and parents of selected students. These were purposefully selected for the study. Data for the study were collected through interviews, focus group discussions and documentary reviews. Data were analysed based on content analysis as per Miles and Huberman (1994). Findings revealed that authoritative parenting style in the form of parental warmth and acceptance, unequivocal bidirectional communication and psychological autonomy did not dominate in the examined parenting style. It was also found that authoritarian parenting style in terms of high demand of maturity level and strict adherence to rules likewise was not dominant among identified parenting style. The dominant parenting style was found to be permissive (neglect and indulgent). The permissive parenting style is associated with negative behaviour outcomes which resulted to poor student attendance. The study therefore recommends that parents should be educated and encouraged to increase monitoring and supervision of their children at home and at school. Moreover, they should show parental warmth and acceptance of their children to be involved in various decision making processes.
: Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF LC146.T34N3759)
School attendance, High school students, Bahi district, Tanzania
Ndyamukama, A. M.(2015).Parenting styles and school attendance among secondary school students in Bahi District, Tanzania, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam.