Managing urban areas in Tanzania through master plan: a case study of Dodoma municipality

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University of Dar es Salaam
The management of urban planned areas through Master Plan approach in cities and towns of developing countries has been facing challenges of spontaneously informal development activities. This research investigates the process of informal development activities within planned residential areas in Dodoma town in relation to the existing Master Plan approach. The study adopted both qualitative and quantitative approaches. A total of 180 respondents from three wards were interviewed in the study selected through random sampling and purposeful sampling techniques. Data were collected through documentary review, direct observation, interviews with key informants from urban authorities, Focus Group Discussion (FGDs) with local government leaders and Semi structured questionnaires were administered to residents within planned areas. Data were analyzed descriptively by computing frequencies and percentages and presented in tables, figures (bar graphs), photographs and maps. The study found that commercial activities, construction activities and livestock keeping activities were the dominant informal activities. The existence of informal development activities is caused by delays in provision of building/plot use change permit, socio-economic demands, lack of public awareness on the importance of planning regulations, lack of comprehensive coordination between urban development stakeholders, political interference and insufficient resources to address the problems. The informal development activities' challenges are illegal connection of social services, difficulties in tax collection and wastes management, land overutilization and overcrowding, and alteration of aesthetic planning view. The study recommends that, in order to minimize informal development activities, the government should address all policy and legal issues resulting into overlapping of power among urban authorities, political interference and provision of sufficient financial support on implementation of Dodoma Master Plan. Urban authorities should establish comprehensive coordination in the management of urban development issues, avoiding delays in provision of building permits and involving local government leaders in implementing planning regulations. The public should be educated on the importance of preserving planning standards and given intense penalties for any violation. Urban planning approaches should also be improved so as to meet the current and future needs of a particular community.
Available in printed form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library
Managing urban areas, master plan, Dodoma municipality, Tanzania
Mkuyu, S. S (2013) Managing urban areas in Tanzania through master plan: a case study of Dodoma municipality, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam.