The socio-economic determinants affecting antenatal care visits in Tanzania.

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University of Dar es Salaam
The purpose of this study was to explore the socio-economic determinants affecting antenatal care visits in Tanzania. The study had three specific objectives which were aimed at establishing; the patterns of antenatal care visits in Tanzania, identifying how female autonomy affects the antenatal care visits in Tanzania as well as the effects of socioeconomic status on attendance of antenatal care visits in Tanzania. The study employed cross-sectional survey data from the sixth’s Tanzania Demographic Health Survey and Malaria Indicator Survey (TDHSMIS) of 2015/16 from the National Bureau of Statistics (NBS). The logistic model was used to determine the effects of socio-economic and women autonomy factors on Antenatal Care visits and associated patterns. The results of the model showed that socio-economic factors significantly affect antenatal care visits in Tanzania (impeding/influencing the likelihood of recommended ANC visits). Women being more aged, educated to a higher level, an urban dweller, low fertility rate, having earlier ANC initiation, being wealthier and joint decision making between partners both of them increases the likelihood of adequate ANC visits. Most of the urbanized zones were likely associated with adequate ANC visits. However, occupation status, the merged decisions making on visiting relatives and large household purchase plus health care decisions made by women alone, residence from Southern (zone 5) and southern highlands (zone 4) and women having primary education were both statistically insignificant on affecting the likelihood of having adequate ANC visits The study findings imply that; girl’s education, especially at rural areas, should be emphasized to higher education for them to have higher chances of being wealthier at early ages and being involved on maternal and healthcare decision making. The policymakers and the government should have different strategies for influencing the factors associated with adequate visits per zones and regions. The government of Tanzania should increase and improving health institutions and facilities, and ensuring the supply of skilled health workers proportionally across zones. Also improvement of transport infrastructure for easier accessibility, and adequately maternal health education campaign on both levels of education to all genders for ensuring joint decision making among partners in the society especially on maternal health care.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HN25.T34.M883)
Quality of life, Antenatal care, Socio-economic accounting, Tanzania
Mushi, S. Z. (2018). The socio-economic determinants affecting antenatal care visits in Tanzania. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam.