history of malaria and its control in British colonial Tanganyika, 1920-1960: the case of Dar es Salaam

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Unversity of Dar es Salaam
This study examines the history of malaria and its control in Dar es Salaam during the British colonial period. The study is guided by the premise that transformation in political, social and economic activities increase incidences of the disease. The study employed an historical approach in investigating the transfomation of malaria and successes of the measures taken on its control. Data were collected through primary and secondary sources. These were obtained by using library, archival and oral sources. The study has shown that, first, the Chances for the spread of malaria in the town before 1850's were few because of the minimum interactions of the people that were caused by limited amount of trade. Secondly, cases of malaria increased between 1850's and 1890's compared to the previous periods due to the slave and ivory caravan routes which encouraged movements and settlements of the people. People's attempts to control the problem could not help because of little knowledge they had on the disease. Thirdly, there was an increase of malaria incidences between 1890's and 1920's due to the expansion of German economic activities that transformed the area into town. This situation led to the influx of people that created slums. Medical policies on preventive and curative measures were ineffective because of lack of funds, colonial segregation and ecological changes. And also, cases of malaria increased between 1920 and 1 960 because of high movement of people and the mushrooming of slums due to the fact that the British increased economic activities in the town. Medial policies to check the problem could not work because of lack of funds and changes in ecology.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF QR201.M3T34M23)
Malaria, Malaria control, Microbiology, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Machangu, H. M. (2007) history of malaria and its control in British colonial Tanganyika, 1920-1960: the case of Dar es Salaam, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam