Challenges facing displaced mabwepande population: a comparative analysis of places before and after displacement

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Unversity of Dar es Salaam
Displacement and resettlement of population from one place to another can lead to positive and negative effects to the affected people. In most cases displacement and resettlement of the population has lead to impoverishment and pose a number of challenges to the displaced people and national authorities due to lack of planning and preparation. This study aimed at assessing the challenges facing Mabwepande population displaced by floods in Dar es Salaam, about 1100 households were displaced by these floods. A total of 130 respondents were involved in the study, purposive sampling was used to identify the target population. Tools for data collection were interviews, observation and focus group discussion. Qualitative data from households and key informant interviews, focus group discussion and observation were analysed by content analysis. The information based on numerical data such as age and sex was analyzed quantitatively. The findings reveal that the displaced people are now free from floods because they were relocated to Mabwepande. Inspite of being resettled in this new area (Mabwepande) the displaced population is facing challenges due to the displacement and resettlement process. Such challenges are loss of income, loss of permanent shelter, disruption of social networks, separation of families, and lack of basic services such as health, schools and transport services. All respondents reported that basic services are poorly provided in the new area. There is a lack of involvement of different groups in the decision making, in which 96% of the total respondents reported that they were not involved in decision making. Apart from that the government started constructing health centre, one school and two houses for teachers; this was done as one of its effort to support the displaced in Mabwepande. The study further exposes that, the displacement and resettlement processes are now guided by national land and settlement policies, and the resettlement guiding principles adopted from the United Nations (World Bank). The study recommends the formulation of a policy for displacement and resettlement process which will help to state clearly what should be done in displacement and resettlement cases. This will help to reduce the adverse impacts caused by displacement and resettlement of population such as impoverishment to the displaced.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HB1952.T34F72)
Migration, Internal, Mabwepande, Dar es Salaam, Tanzania
Francis, L. (2014) Challenges facing displaced mabwepande population a comparative analysis of places before and after displacement, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam