Manpower sufficiency for industry in Tanzania: the case of the textile industry: 1970-1979.

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study is concerned with self-sufficiency in scientific and technical personnel of the middle and high level cadre in the textile industry. The study rests on the premise that scientific and technical manpower, a pivotal and scarce factor for industrialization has received and continues to receive least attention in Tanzania. Concern is over the acquisition of the hardwares of technology, capital equipment and buildings. At national level the development of scientific and technical personnel has tended to conform to the international division of labour in the Ricardian sense. The few indigenous technical and scientific personnel trained are prepared for open acing, servicing and carrying out minor repairs of imported capital equipment and machinery. Innovation, invention and manufacture of machinery and repair of major break-downs is considered to be the domain of metropolitan technical and scientific personnel. At enterprise level, manpower planning and schemes for manpower development in textile mills have been inadequate. Where such schemes exist implementation has been very unsatisfactory. Even after the issue of Guidelines for Manpower Planning by the Government September, 1977 not much has been done in the field of manpower development and training. Technical and scientific personnel in textile mills in Tanzania are foreigners excepting the Friendship Textile Mill (URAFIKI). These are expensive, they deplete Tanzania's foreign exchange, their presence perpetuates dependency mentality, and above all they effectively block measures which may bring self-sufficiency in middle and high level manpower in the scientific and technical field since their presence offers them tremendous financial advantages. To solve the problem of dependence upon foreign scientific and technical personnel, the study suggests three measures. First a challenge should be offered to indigenous technical and scientific personnel by removing experts in textile mills where it is inevitable to recruit expatriates they should be monitored closely to ensure that they fulfill all their obligations. Second, prior training of personnel should be given a paramount position. Thirdly efforts should be made to set up workshops and foundries and train people to man them with the view of removing the problem of spare parts.
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Textile industry and fabrics, Manpower, Tanzania
Kyoma, R. J. (1980). Manpower sufficiency for industry in Tanzania: the case of the textile industry: 1970-1979. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (