Social and economic change among the pastroral Wakwavi and its impact on rural development.

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University of Dar es Salaam
In this work, the Wakwavi have been examined right from the early 19th Century when they occupied Maasai land to the early 20th Century when they entered Bagamoyo and their subsequent stay. Chapter II describes the land in which the Wakwavi live while the next two chapter describe social and political organizations of the tribe. The history of the tribe is given in order to fix its dipputed identity, to provide the reader with in sight into other pastoral Maasai tribes, and to throw light on the present situation of the Wakwavi. The fifth chapter on the economy discusses the process of production and the factors that go into it in the light of local and national pressures and demands. Chapters six and seven provide the features and demands of pastoral economic in relation to external factors (Wakware, the Party and the government). Participant observation was the major method by which this study was carried out. Apart from participation in various activities informal interviews with local leaders and extension workers in the area were conducted. Project officials were contacted for views on Wakwavi development. Party and government leaders at district and regional level were consulted. The paper concludes that their social and political organizations do not appear to have changed much, despite their having changed countries several times (Maasailand, Handeni and then Bagamoyo etc.). The age sets, the division of labour, and several other aspects are still as pronouncial as they were a century ago. In short, the Wakwavi have maintained their mode of production and the cultural institutions that go with it, but have otherwise changed considerably
Kwavi, Rural conditions, Tanzania, Maasai land, Handeni, Bagamoyo
Ndagala, D. K. (1974). Social and economic change among the pastroral Wakwavi and its impact on rural development. Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (