An enquiry into socio-economic effects and some current problems of peasants tea growing in Tanzania: the case of Rungwe smallholder tea project

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study has been undertaken as an attempt to investigate and evaluates various socio-economic impact and some current problems of the introduction of smallholder tea growing in Tanzania with special reference to the Rungwe Smallholder Tea Project. It has been undertaken in order to help us and the government understand current problems underlying the general decline of Peasant Cash Crop production in Tanzania. The government has for several times complained on the declining of Cash-Crop production greatly needed for the generation of foreign exchange earnings required for national socio-economic development. This problem therefore needs to be researched on. In the first chapter of this study, we present the specific problem of our research study which is based on the contention that current problems and socio-economic effects of the Smallholder Tea Project of Rungwe and Tanzania in general have to be looked at and analyzed within the context of the relationship between peasant Cash-Crop production and the government in conjuction with the International Capital. Thus in the second chapter on Literature Review, we discuss the historical background of the introduction of Tea as a Cash-Crop in Tanzania, and later the launching of Smallholder Tea Project-sponsored by the government and the World Bank. We also review various arguments and theories on the general problems of Third World underdevelopment in relation to Cash-Crop production, the backbone of most third world economies. Such arguments include Samir Amin’s (1976), Rodney’s (1971), L. Reynold’s (1975), T.W. Schultz’s (1974) etc. Furthermore we review a few specific studies mode on the development of Smallholder Tea development in Rungwe and Tanzania in general e.g. A.S.Byejwe’s (1977), F.M. Tuniga’s (1977), Kiondo’s (1980) etc. In the third chapter of this study, we discuss our research methodology which includes aspects on data collection approach-mainly historical approach on documentary study; personal interviews and informal discussions, participatory approach and field observations. Also sampling of area of study; villagers for interviews and data analysis techniques are discussed. The fourth chapter deals with the discussion of the research findings on mobilization of peasants to enable them adopt tea growing, development impact of the introduction of the Rungwe Smallholder Tea Project, contradictions and some current problems of peasants and smallholder tea development in Rungwe and the Tea growing on Communal basis. Finally in the fifth chapter, we make a conclusion and a few recommendations based on our theoretical framework and findings of our research study.
Tea, Rungwe district, Tanzania
Gambi, L. A. (1981) An enquiry into socio-economic effects and some current problems of peasants tea growing in Tanzania: the case of Rungwe smallholder tea project, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (