The housing market in Uganda

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University of Dar es Salaam
Chapter lasts out approach to the Ugandan housing market in urban areas in terms of supply of and demand for accommodation. In this framework the isolation of particular sub-markets is given omphasis, and it is pointed out that the study is concerned more with demand than with supply. In chapter 2 a careful discussion of the characteristics of housing as an economic commodity and in relation to consumption gives the initial analytical justification for the division of the market into the individual sub-markets. The place of housing in the total economy of a low-income economy is than covered briefly, and it is suggested that the role of housing is frequently under-estimated in this context. A short description of Uganda and its economy opens Chapter 3, and the character of the main towns is outlined. It is suggested that the major characteristic of the Uganda urban housing market is an example of “dualism”. There follows a division of the market into the major components of the public and private sectors, and a delineation of the major government institutions which affect the housing market. Chapter 4 is largely a descriptive back- ground to a survey of some Ugandan public servants working in five of the main towns. This survey was carried out at the request of the Ministry of Public Service by self-administered question naire. The major difficulty involved the look of an adequate sampling frame, but the proportion of an adequate sampling frame, but the proportion of questionnaires completed and returned was relatively high for such a survey. The analysis of the survey data is divided between two chapters. The first of these, Chapter 5, is concerned largely with comparisons of several characteristically between tenure groups. It is found that the private market is the major sources of supply of housing even for the public servants, and that those who live in the public servants, and that those who live in the public sector receive considerable advantages through subsidized rents. Owner-occupiers generally live outside the immediate environs of the towns, are in their home-district, have larger households than renter and significantly less “over-crowding.” In all cases the width of the distributions and the standard deviations were high. Chapter 6 is more concerned with the variables inside tenure groups, and more particularly those of private renters. The major determinants of housing demand appear to be salary level and household size in this sense, but the degree of variation is considerable. The effect of the home district of the household is looked at in more detail, and does not appear to affect expenditure patterns or the degree of crowding. A brief look at some supply factors on the private renting market is followed by consideration of some characteristics of owner-occupies and municipal estates renters. A summary of the determinants of demand, and a discussion of housing aspirations close the chapter. In chapter 7 there is an assessment of the future size and urban housing demand in Uganda. Use of urban population and employment statistics leads to the use of the former in assessing future urban housing need. Housing demand is than considered in the light of available into an income distribution, expenditure patterns, locality, tenure group and household structures. It is suggested that such projections can only be tentative, particularly since housing is an extremely durable commodity. The summary of the main conclusions which appears in Chapter 8 separates four main areas. The first is that of the main features of the market, particularly in relation to dualian. The second is that of findings on the patterns of housing demand. The third concerns of housing demand. The third concerns itself with other market features such as the adequacy of the institutional framework. The problems associated with constructing housing projections, and the major problems in urban housing close the discussion.
Available in print form, EAF Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, (THS EAF HD7279.U45T7)
Market, house, uganda
Tribe, M.A (1968) The housing market in Uganda, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam