Organisational safety and health practices and their conformance with Tanzanian safety and health legal provisions: the case of Tanzania construction industry

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University of Dar es Salaam
Tanzania mainland reported occupational accidents during the last two decades standing at an annual average of 3,132 accidents. 50% of these occurred at Dar es Salaam region which is economically the most developed regions hence a vibrant work place and site activities. Therefore the study sought to study how and why do construction industry accidents continue to occur while OSHA and other legal mechanisms safeguarding the industry and health are available. Since there were no general theories on the nature of safety and health aspects in construction industry, the study employed the phenomenological approach as a theoretical frame work. Primary and secondary methods of data collection were also used in the study. The study however employed structure questionnaire and personal interviews as data collection methods. Lickert type scale was used for questionnaire analysis while Qualitative and Quantitative methods were used for data analysis techniques. Seventy eight (978%) percent of the interviews revealed that care for workers’ health in construction industry was not adequately. Generally the study was able to show that the organization safety and health practices in Tanzania construction industry do not conform to the applicable legal provisions despite the existence of several regulatory bodies monitoring the industry. The study however revealed that the institutional causes and health aspects in Tanzania construction industry were amongst the two critical causes which led to poor performance in the safety and health aspects in the industry. The above two critical aspects consequently led to the construction industry finding itself in a rampant non conformance with legal provisions thus endangering the lives of the workers. The study recommended a number of measure to address the problem. These include disengagement of occupational safety and health discipline in the construction industry from the OSHA and establishing the directorate of construction industry safety in the MoID responsible for safety and health implementation in the Tanzanian construction industry. The study concluded that the construction industry, being one of the most important and most dangerous industries in any country, needs a more rigorous regulatory mechanism to control its activities.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HD8039.E89S92)
Construction industry, Industry safety, Industrial hygiene, Occupational safety and health, Tanzania, Law and legislation
Swai, R. E. (2008) Organisational safety and health practices and their conformance with Tanzanian safety and health legal provisions: the case of Tanzania construction industry, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam.