An archaeological investigation of LSA occurrences from open-air contexts in central Uganda: the case of Southern Kyagwe

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University of Dar es Salaam
This dissertation attempts to investigate and explore the archaeological potential of open-air contexts to the study of LSA occurrences. The study broadly focuses on artifact typology on the basis of physical attributes, the raw materials, environmental settings and stratigraphic sequence in the area of investigation. There is a high potential for studying Stone Age in Uganda. Although many scholars have devoted their efforts studying ESA, MSA and LSA industrial complexes in Africa and identified numerous cultures, most of the LSA studies have concentrated on covered sites, that is, either rock shelters or caves. Whereas, the western and northern parts of the country have been subjected to Stone Age investigations, central Uganda has received very little attention in this respect. Current archaeological study investigates and presents a clears picture of the LSA occurrences from open-air contexts in central Uganda comparing with what is known from covered sites. A combination of survey and excavation was employed in the fieldwork recovering LSA assemblages from open-air sites of Senyi and Koba in Southern Kyagwe, central Uganda. Deliberate sampling was employed in selecting the survey area, potential areas for excavation and specimen for analysis. The resultant data significantly contributes to an understanding of the LSA occurrences in open-air settlements and determine their possible correlates with the already documented LSA assemblages from covered sites. Hopefully this will enrich our understanding of LSA hunters/foragers’ settlements in East Africa. The study clearly shows that central Uganda has been occupied since Prehistoric times contrary to what has portrayed by historic sources and oral traditions. The study therefore recommends that more research be conducted on other hill-tops and low-lying areas in the study area to create a link between LSA and EIA settlements in southern Kyagwe.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class Mark (THS EAF GN776.42.H47)
Archaeological investigation, Stone age, Archaeology
Herman, M (2009) An archaeological investigation of LSA occurrences from open-air contexts in central Uganda: the case of Southern Kyagwe, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam