Impact of In-migrants on patterns of development in Kiwangwa ward, Bagamoyo District, Tanzania

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University of Dar es Salaam
In-migrants become a go-ahead and rolling wheel for the promising patterns of development which also boost livelihood for the local residents in the areas of destination. This study aimed at finding out the impact of in-migrants on patterns of development in Kiwangwa ward Bagamoyo District. A grand total of 129 respondents were involved in the study. These include 123 households and non-households from three villages of study and 6 key informants from the ward and district levels. Respondents and key informants were selected through snowball and systematic random sampling. Tools for data collection used in this study were participatory rural appraisal, in-depth interviews and direct observation. Data related to reasons for in-migrants and out-migrants, socio-economic, ecological, cultural and behavioural changes were gathered from respondents. Other sources including related available literatures were surveyed critically. The findings revealed that about 75% of the respondents perceived socio-economic activities (magnetisation) to be the causative agents for in-migrants in villages of Kiwangwa ward; they did not see the relationship between fragility of biophysical environment and movement of people to other areas especially rural-rural in-migrants. The underlying fragility of biophysical environment aspects included unreliable rainfall, shortages of productive land and shortages of pasture land were revealed. The study further revealed that emerging patterns of development in villages of Kiwangwa ward influenced by pineapple boom that perpetuated movement of a section of the population from areas of origin to Kiwangwa ward. Pineapple boom stimulated land markets in Kiwangwa ward. Interactions between in-migrants and locals lead to the positive and negative impacts on the socio-economic, ecology, culture and behavioural changes. Generally, the study recommends that there must be re-introducing of village register logbook whereby people who decides to make everlasting or provisional settlement in villages of Kiwangwa Ward must be forced by law to register in village’s logbooks rather than existing law which force village government officials to recognise a new comer in his or her hamlet and register them.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF HB1952.T34K34)
Migration, Internal, Economic aspects, Bagamoyo district, Kiwangwa ward, Tanzania
Kaisi, J, (2014) Impact of In-migrants on patterns of development in Kiwangwa ward, Bagamoyo district, Tanzania, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam, Dar es Salaam