The use of ka in Pemba Swahili variety

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University of Dar es Salaam
Much has been done on Swahili structure. The present work is a further contribution to earlier efforts. In this work, we attempt to study the uses of the morpheme ka in Pemba Swahili variety using the Hallidayan theoretical model of cohesion. This morpheme in the named Swahili variety has not been discussed fully anywhere by earlier scholars. The data used are transcribed oral texts. This work is organized in five chapters. The first chapter presents the background to the study. It introduces the work by giving brief accounts of the theoretical framework and methodological procedures followed in the study. The second chapter reviews earlier studies on ka. In it previous characterization of the morpheme by other scholars is discussed. It is pointed out that there are inadequacies in their description of this morpheme. Chapter three provides preparatory information that will enable the reader of the thesis to understand better the data analysed in Chapter Four. This morphological analysis of the verb group done in chapter three highlights some differences existing between some verbal morphemes in this variety and their counterparts in standard variety. Throughout Chapter Four we have tried to justify our claim made in Chapter One that ka in Pemba Swahili variety acquires its meaning by establishing cohesive relationship with other linguistic elements in the structure. Before that we established the types of ka present in the discussed variety. In Chapter Five the major findings are noted namely, in Pemba Swahili variety there are two types of ka both though cohesion. In this chapter, we also note some morphemes present in this Swahili variety which need t be investigated further as their description in the previous studies, this one inclusive, leaves much to be desired.
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Swahili language, Morphenes, Grammar, Pemba, Tanzania
Mshindo, H. B. (1988) The use of ka in Pemba Swahili variety, Masters dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (