A study on application of problem solving in teaching science in primary schools

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University of Dar es Salaam
Many researchers including parents have shown a concern over the poor performance of science subject in almost all levels. The purpose of this study therefore was to explore the activities of problem solving in primary school science in Tanzania. The study was conducted in Ruvuma region. Two classes (class iii and IV) from two different schools were investigated. The sample comprised of 60 respondents that included 50 pupils, 8 science teachers and 2 heads of schools. Data collection was undertaken through interviews, observation, questionnaire and focus group discussions. Most of the data were qualitative in nature and were analyzed through content analysis. Study findings revealed that majority of science teachers were not under qualified and; teacher-demonstrations, observations, use of objective questions and teacher explanations were the only approaches that dominated. In light these findings, suggestions given include the conducting of professional training in in-service programmes, workshops, seminars and introducing specialization for science teachers. Conducting further studies that would take wider samples has also been suggested.
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF P181.N76)
Science, Study and teaching, Education, Primary schools, Problem solving
Ntara, T. M (2006) A study on application of problem solving in teaching science in primary schools, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam.