The status of adoption of improved charcoal stoves in urban Zanzibar and its impacts on forest resources

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Date
2008
Journal Title
Journal ISSN
Volume Title
Publisher
University of Dar es Salaam
Abstract
The study was specifically aimed at understanding the extent of fuel wood consumption for cooking and the adoption of improved charcoal stoves as policy option toward reducing the Consumption of fuel wood in urban sectors. The statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) was used to analyze data. Simple cross tabulation and bivariate correlation analysis were used to test the relationship between variables. Household income •and size were correlated with fuel wood consumption and education correlated with the level of awareness of an individual to the importance of improved charcoal stoves on the forests conservation. The results of the analysis suggested that fuel wood is still the main source of cooking energy in urban Zanzibar. However, if comparison is made between charcoal and firewood, charcoal is a more common source of cooking energy in urban Zanzibar. The use of conventional fuels is marginal. Poverty was found to be the main factor for the present energy use patterns in Zanzibar. The results also show that there is low rate of adoption of improved charcoal stoves in urban Zanzibar, only 25% of households and none of the institutions use improved charcoal stoves. Characteristics of the stove, culture, cost of the stoves and information about the stoves were the main factors for low rate of adoption. Furthermore it has been found that the impact of stoves toward reduction of wood, consumption can only be realized when stoves attain mass acceptance. The need to have improved charcoal stoves programmes, raising awareness to the importance of improved charcoal stoves on the forests conservation, subsidy in conventional fuels and their accessories, exploration of alternative sources of energy and the formulation of energy policy have been recommended in this study in order to reduce the pressure over rtes induced by the great demand for fuel wood in urban Zanzibar.
Description
Available in print form, East Africana Collection, Dr. Wilbert Chagula Library, Class mark (THS EAF TP331.T34M34)
Keywords
Charcoal, Stoves, coal, Forest resources, Zanzibar
Citation
Makame, M. O (2008) The status of adoption of improved charcoal stoves in urban Zanzibar and its impacts on forest resources, Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Dar es Salaam.