Analysis of academic performance of students with visual impairment in inclusive primary schools: the case study of Dodoma

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University of Dar es Salaam
This study investigated and analyzed the academic performance of Students with visual impairment in inclusive primary schools in Tanzania. The study was conducted in two inclusive primary schools in Dodoma region namely; Buigiri Primary School and Hombolo Bwawani Primary School. A cross-sectional survey design was used, with a total sample of 60 informants and respondents from the two inclusive primary schools. Probability and non-probability sampling were used, where, under non-probability sampling, purposive sampling was used to get two informants from Heads of school, two Academic Departments, two special teachers and forty students with visual impairment while random sampling was used to get four informants from the teaching staff and ten students without disability. Primary data were collected using questionnaires, observation and interviews, whereas, secondary data were obtained through documentary reviews. The study revealed academic performance of students with visual impairment in Buigiri inclusive primary school was good for the last five years. The good performance of students in Buigiri primary school was possibly due to the fact that, the classes have small number of students which facilitates better teaching. Apart from the good performance of visually impaired students, the two schools do not have text books written in Braille, inadequate special materials, unfriendly environment and poorly equipped teachers to teach visually impaired students. Another important finding was that there was good cooperation between sighted students and those with visual impairment in the two schools. The results indicate that Inclusive Education was introduced in the country without due preparations. The education is well perceived by both sighted and visually impaired students and teachers. The Ministry of Education and Vocational Training and all stake holders in education should play their part in order to make inclusive education real and successful for betterment of visual impairment and other special need students for the development the country.
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Special needs education, Children with disabilities, Primary schools, Academic achievement, Dodoma
Francis, A. 92012). Analysis of academic performance of students with visual impairment in inclusive primary schools: the case study of Dodoma. Master dissertation, University of Dar es Salaam. Available at (